2007 12 10: FREEMASONRY & THE REAL ROOTS OF COMMUNISM

FReeMaSoNRY & THe ReaL RooTS oF CoMMuNiSM

Fwd: Freemasonry and the real roots of Russian Communism…(per il sito)‏
From: leo young (leoyoung1999@yahoo.com)
Sent: 10 December 2007 23:49:20
To: troy
Note: forwarded message attached.

      ___________________________________________________________

–Forwarded Message Attachment–
Date: Mon, 10 Dec 2007 15:47:08 -0800
From: leoyoung1999@yahoo.com
Subject: Freemasonry and the real roots of Russian Communism…(per il sito)
To: daniciao2004@yahoo.it

Noteworthy members
Of the Grand Orient of France in Russia and the
Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s People
Compiled by Mr. Andrei Priahin, Moscow, Russia

Name		 Notes		 Lodges

Vyrubov Grigoriy Nikolayevich (1843 - 1913)		Mason of
33° of French rite.
"Grand Orient of France".
From 1888 a French citizen.
Professor of philosophy; a friend of August Comte, one
of founders of positive philosophy; edited journal "La
philosophie positive" (1867-1883) together with
Charles Robin.
The former Scottish rite mason.
Initiated on Jan. 7, 1874 in Paris.
Permanently demanded involvement of Scottish rite free
masonry in real life affairs, had a conflict with
"Grand Lodge of France" (Scottish rite) and joined
much more politicized "Grand Orient of France" (French
rite).
Worshipful Master of the emigrants" lodge "Rose of the
perfect silence", member of Council of lodges,
Chairman of Convent of the "Grand Orient of France"
since 1882.		"Rose of the perfect silence" (Worshipful
Master),
"Grand Lodge of France",
"Grand Orient of France",
Chairman of Convent of the "Grand Orient of France"..

Luginin V.F.		Initiated by recommendation of G.N.
Vyrubov		Initiated in Paris in the end of XIX century.
Grand Orient of France.

Yablochkov P. N.		First recognized inventor of
incandescent-filament bulb in the world. Initiated in
the first three stepsof Scottish rite mason in the
beginning of 1876. Worshipful Master of three lodges
in Paris under jurisdiction of Supreme Council of the
French lodges"(Scottish rite).
Created lodge "Cosmos" on June 25 1887 in Paris under
the jurisdiction of the "Supreme Council of French
lodges" of Scottish rite. Was its first Worshipful
Master.
His idee fix was to attract young and rich (!) Russian
intellectuals learning in Paris, be it natural science
or humanities and art students, so the entrance and
annual fees was extremely high. He dreamed of
"quality" lodge. Among young adepts were M.M.
Kovalevsky (had his own villa at the French Riviere
where later used to arrive to his friend Anton
Pavlovich Chekhov, great Russian dramatist), S.A.
Kotlerovsky (Kotlyarevsky), de Roberti la Serda that
was all initiated in the Parisian "Cosmos" lodge in
1888.
By his recommendation was initiated N.N. Bazhenov.
N.N. Bazhenov was initiated in three steps of Scottish
Rite by recommendation of P.N. Yablochkov in 1884.
Worshipful Master of three Scottish rite lodges in
Paris, creator and the first Worshipful master of
Scottish lodge "Cosmos", 1887-1888. After its closure
it resumed activities ten years later, in 1898.

Muromtsev S.A.		Professor.
Founder of the first Moscow Masonic circle "Beseda"
("The Conversation").
Deputy of I State Duma.		The first Moscow Masonic
circle "Beseda" ("The Conversation")

Zhdan-Pushkin Andrei		French rite free mason when
studied in Paris. Lodge of the Quatier Latin and
Sorbonne.		"Les etudiants" ("Students"), Paris, Grand
Orient of France.

Staal Alexey F.		French rite free mason when studied
in Paris. Lodge of the Quatier Latin and Sorbonne.
"Les etudiants" ("Students"), Paris, Grand Orient of
France.

Rapp Yevgeniy		French rite free mason when studied in
Paris. Lodge of the Quatier Latin and Sorbonne.		"Les
etudiants" ("Students"), Paris, Grand Orient of
France.

Arkadsky-Dobrenovich Constantin		French rite free
mason when studied in Paris. Lodge of the Quatier
Latin and Sorbonne.
Writer. Initiated as an apprentice in the "Cosmos"
(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898) in
Paris.		"Les etudiants" ("Students"), Paris, Grand
Orient of France.
"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898)
in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r Nicole.

Amfiteatrov Alexander V.		Writer and journalist.
May 16, 1905 initiated in Scottish rite lodge "Cosmos"
(?288) in Paris.
Later in Russia Worshipful Master of various free
masons" lodges.		"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge
(resumed from 1898) in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r
Nicole.

Khodorkowski		Mechanic. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Lebedinsky		Dentist. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Dubnikov Dmitry		Actor. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Ivanovsky		Sculptor. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Kerkov		Industrialist. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Krasnov-senior		Commissioner. Member of a lodge in
France.		Grand Orient of France

Krasnov-junior		Engineer. Member of a lodge in France.
	Grand Orient of France

Levidov		Member of a lodge in France.		Grand Orient of
France

Raisky		Industrialist. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Rozanov N.S.		Member of a lodge in France.		Grand
Orient of France

Stoikov		Physician (then a student). Member of a lodge
in France.		Grand Orient of France

Trigorov		Engineer Iwho worked in Algier). Member of a
lodge in France.		Grand Orient of France

Wilbuszewicz		Member of a lodge in France.		Grand
Orient of France

Zelinsky		Physician. Member of a lodge in France.
Grand Orient of France

Sergeyev-Tsensky		Writer, popular in the Soviet time.
Member of a lodge in France.		Grand Orient of France

d-r Nicole (Finkelstein Nathan)		A Polish Jew from
Romania (Bucharest), French citizen (from 8 April
1890), Worshipful Master of the awakened from the
sleep the "Cosmos" (?288) Scottish rite lodge in
Paris.		"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed
from 1898) in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r Nicole.
Other Russian members:
M.M. Kovalevsky, Roberti la Serda (both since April 29
1904), Amfiteatrov, Gambarov, Tamamshev, Ye. Anichkin
(all since 16 May 1905), Kedrin, Maklakov and Vasiliy
Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko, K.
Arkadsky-Dobrenovich, I.Z. Loris-Melikov, A.
Trachevsky. After Kedrin’s interview in The New Time,
the reactionary newspaper Rech wrote: "Kedrin admitted
with his Jesuitical frankness that he’s a participant
of one of the freemasonic lodges, but foreign ones."
This "but foreign ones" changes much, because Kedrin
was dismissed from top rank freemasons because of
admittance of belonging to Russian masons.It’s clear
that it was just a pretext to make him go.

De Roberti de Castro la Serda Ye. V.		Initiated in the
Scottish rite "Cosmos" lodge in 1887-1888 by
Yablochkov P.N. among other Russian students studying
in France.
April 29, 1905 initiated in the resumed Scottish rite
lodge "Cosmos" (?288) in Paris.
Initiated in the Scottish rite "Cosmos" lodge in
1887-1888. First "Cosmo" (? 288). The resumed Scottish
rite lodge "Cosmo" (?288). Both in Paris.

Blanc R.M.		Participant of the first lodges in Russia.
	Participant of the first lodges in Russia.

Prugavin A.S.		Participant of the first lodges in
Russia.		Participant of the first lodges in Russia.

Starkova V.		Journalist. Lady- mason.		Initiated in
Paris in the end of XIX century. French rite free
masonry.

Galperin-Kaminsky I.D.		Translator.		Initiated in
Paris in the end of XIX century.

Berberov R.I.		Banker.		Initiated in Paris in the end
of XIX century.

Arszawski A.M.		Physician.		Initiated in Paris in the
end of XIX century.

Lunacharsky Anatoliy Vasilyevich		Bolshevik Govt
minister of education (October 1917 - 1929).		"Grand
Orient of France

Trotsky (Bronstein) Lev Davidovich		Organizer of the
Red Army. Lenin"s right hand. Ideologist of the
permanent revolution and of the world dominance of
communism. According to Nina Berberova, he had been a
free mason for several months when he was 17 years
old.		 

Lenin (Ulyanov) Vladimir Iyich (1970 - 1924)		Founder
of the Communist Party, of the largest totalitarian
state and of the extremist antinational form of the
communist and socialist ideology. The first of the
greatest dictators of the 20th century. Russian of
German, Swedish, Jewish and Kalmyk roots. His
grandgrandfather, who was burgemeister of one of the
Hansa cities acquired a reputation of extremely cruel
ruler. Lenin considered German language to be his
second native one. Considered Jews, Letts and
Hungarians to be more clever and appropriate for
making socialist revolution than "those lazy
Russians". By this reason stimulated proliferation,
including marriages, of Jews and Letts into the ruling
elite of the new Soviet state, now known as
"nomenclature". (In the 30s Letts and their families
were repressed. In the 50s when there came the turn of
Jews Stalin died and failed to resurrect pure Russian
ruling class). Lenin co-operated secretly with many
forces that enabled him to usurp State power in
Russia, including German General Staff through, for
example, Alexander Lazarevich Parvus (Gelfand), shadow
tutor of Lenin and Trotsky, big businessman, etc.,
this "Louis Cypher" of the Russian revolution whose
connections with Geman military circles were revealed
and published by a free mason P.N. Pereverzev.
Allegedly French rite mason of the "L"Union de
Belleville" (Paris) in 1902. Lenin was a fan and a
close friend of the revolutionary pop-singer G.M.
Montegus who occurred to have been a French police
informer. Besides he was a member of the Masonic lodge
"L"Union de Belleville" (Paris).		Allegedly "L"Union
de Belleville" (Paris).

Nemirovich -Danchenko Vladimir Semyonovich		Son of the
Russian merchant.
He was a friend and assistant of of the world famous
theatre reformer K.S. Stanislavsky (in U.S.A. his
modern follower was Leigh Strasberg and his famous
pupils, first rate Hollywood filmstars), creator of
his own system of acting. The names of Stanislavsky
and Nemirovich-Danchenko sound as one in Russian
public mind. For example, St.-Petersburg Mariinsky
Opera and Ballet Theater named after K.S. Stanislavsky
and V.Nemirovich-Danchenko.
Initiated in the "Cosmo"(?288) Scottish rite lodge
(resumed from 1898) in Parisin 1905.
Also initiated in the "Mont Sinai" (?6) Scottish rite
lodge on May 8 1905. Member of the "Polar star" French
rite lodge in St.-Petersburg.		"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish
rite lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris. (Worshipful
Master d-r Nicole). Scottish rite lodge "Mont Sinai"
(?6) 1905 in Paris. "Polar star", "Grand Orient of
France", Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Kovalevsky Maxim Maximovich (1851 -1916)		Professor of
Moscow University (1878 - 1887), fired off for
propaganda of the constitutional ideas, jurist,
sociologist and ethnographer. From 1887 to 1906 lived
abroad. There he contributed a lot to the Masonic
enlightenment of Russians owing to forming Masonic
educational center L"Ecole russe des Hautes Etudes -
Russian Higher school of social sciences (1901 - 1904
under supervision of the lodge "Cosmos") and the
International institute of sociology in Paris.
Kovalevsky was a friend of Karl Marx and Friedrich
Engels, founding fathers of communism.
Initiated in France in the regular "Les Vrais Amis
Fideles" ("True friends") lodge of the French rite.
One of founders of the "Cosmos" Lodge of Scottish rite
in Paris on 25 June 1887 that united Russian political
emigrants and scientists (Ye.V. de Roberti la Serda,
S.A. Kotlerovsky) as well as the French.
On 29 April 1904 entered "Cosmos" (?288) Scottish rite
lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris. By 1906 he had
already been a mason of the "Great lodge of France"
initiated in 18 step of A.&A. Scottish rite. Since May
8, 1905 also had been a member of "Mont Sinai" (?6) in
Paris. Founding father and Worshipful Master (after
Orlov-Davydov) of the first in Russia permanently
acting regular French rite lodge "Polar Star"
(December 1906), St.-Petersburg.
Editor of the Cadets" newspaper "Strana" ("The
Country") from 1905. Editorial staff — masons A.S.
Trachevsky, I.I. Ivanyukov, G.S. Gambarov,
S.A.Kotlerovsky, de Roberti la Serda. Secretary - I.Z.
Loris-Melikov. Publisher — I. Tereshchenko.
Publisher of the "Herald of Europe" (since 1908
In 1906 founded "Progressists" Party"(Party of
democratic reforms) and became a deputy of I State
Duma.
Member of State Council of Russian Empire (since
1907).
He addressed the Council of the Order "Grand Orient of
France" (French rite) 11 January 1906 in written form
with the request of sending their representatives to
Moscow and St.-Petersburg for opening Masonic lodges.
Intermediary of the French masons, the editor of
"L"Acacia" journal Charles M. Limousin (nicknamed
"Hiram" ) who was a simultaneous member of the "Great
East of France" (French rite) and "Great lodge of
France" (Scottish rite) was a person who granted M.M.
Kovalevsky the right on arranging new lodges in Russia
on behalf of the French masons. In 1907 M.M.
Kovalevsky brought from France two patents from "Great
lodge of France" (Scottish right) confirming his right
to arrange St.-Peterburg and Moscow lodges.
It was his idea to arrange first temporary Cadet
Masonic lodges "Resurrection" (Moscow) and "Polar
Star" (St.-Petersburg).
Worshipful Master of the "Polar Star" which he left in
1908. Replaced by Count Orlov-Davydov. First Warden of
the Council of eighteen of the "Order of free masons"
of the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of
Russia"(1906/8- 1910).
Chief of St.-Petersburg affiliate of the Masonic lodge
"Peace Society".
Since 1914 academician of the Academy of Sciences of
Russian Empire.		Regular "Les Vrais Amis Fideles"
("True friends") lodge of the French rite.
"Cosmos"(?288) lodg e of Scottish rite in Paris
(Worshipful Master Yablochkov P.N.). "Cosmos"(?288)
Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris.
(Worshipful Master d-r Nicole). "Mont Sinai" (?6)
(since May 8, 1905).
"Polar Star" (December 1906), St.-Petersburg.
Membership at the "privileged" stage: Worshipful
Master - M.M. Kovalevsky, V. Klyuchevsky, S.D. Urusov,
I. Loris-Melikov, D. Bebutov, V. Maklakov, V.
Nemirovich-Danchenko, M. Margulies, A. Kolyubakin, P.
Shchegolev, N.P. Pavel-Silvanski, S.Kotlyarevsky, Ye.
de Roberti, I. Loris-Melikov, Orlov-Davydov (since
January 1907), Y. Kedrin, N. Bazhenov, G. Meidel, F.
Golovin. Recognized as regular by the "Grand Orient of
France" on May 8-9 (21-22), 1908. Dismissed in
February 1910. Council of eighteen of the "Order of
free masons" of the regular French rite Grand Lodge
"Great East of Russia"(1906/8- 1910).
"Peace Society", St.-Petersburg affiliate. "Grand
Orient of France" (French rite). Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Despite personal charisma of Kovalevsky some prominent
public figures kept sharing prejudice against free
masonry, e.g. academician (1912) V.I. Vernadsky
(ecology science) who entered later the politicized
"Great East of Russia"s People" and historian P.N.
Milyukov who never became a mason. The latter,
however, was de facto the uninitiated cadet mason.
A.P.Chekhov wrote to his correspondents about him,
"It"s a very interesting, vivid man", "a big man in
all meanings", "a representative of the better part of
the Russian intelligentsia".

Bazhenov Nikolai Nikolayevich (1857 - 1923)
Psychiatrist. One of the nearest assistants of S.S.
Korsakov (who opened "Korsakov" syndrome). Graduated
from Moscow University in 1881, senior physician of
Preobrazhensky hospital in Moscow. Initiated by
recommendation of P.N. Yablochkov in three steps of
Scottish rite lodge "Cosmos" at once in 1884.
Worshipful Master. Together with D.I. Bebutov left for
Paris on 2ndFebruary of 1908 to once and forever
confirm the status of Russian lodges of French rite
and was accepted by Grand Master Antoine Baptiste
Louis Laffer, leader of Radical Party in the French
parliament, and initiated in the superior steps. Mason
of the 18th step of the French rite. Initiated in
February 1908 in Paris. Member of Capitul of the
"Resurrection" lodge.		"Cosmos"(?288) lodge of
Scottish rite in Paris (Worshipful Master Yablochkov
P.N.). "Resurrection", Moscow. French rite lodge.
Arranged on 15(28) November 1906. Considered to be
temporary up to January 1908. Members: M.M.
Kovalevsky, Worshipful Master V. A. Maklakov — Senior
Warden. S.D. Urusov, count - Senior Warden. Y.V.
Anichkov — Junior Warden. S.A. Kotlerovsky — Deacon.
S.A. Balavinsky, lawyer - Deacon V.I.
Nemirovich-Danchenko — Secretary. Recognized as
regular by the "Grand Orient of France" on May 11-12
(25-26), 1908. Dismissed in February 1910. There’s
information that at the same time there was arranged
the third besides "Polar star" and "Resurrection"
lodge in Warsaw. "Grand Orient of France" in Russia.

Bebutov Davyd Josephovich (Osipovich) (1859 - ?)		Duke
of Georgian or Armenian origin. Secretary-Treasurer of
the "Polar Star". His apartment became a permanent
place of the Masonic meetings. Mason of the 18th step
of the French rite. Initiated in February 1908 in
Paris. Member of Capitul of the "Polar Star". Member
of Lodge’s Chapitre (Supreme Council of Lodge).
Secretary of the Supreme Council of Russian Free
Masonry and Worshipful Master of the Council of
eighteen of the "Order of free masons" of the regular
French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of Russia"(1906/8-
1910). Cadet. A German spy. Not admitted to the
clandestine lodges Supreme Council of the Great East
of Russia’s Peoples as being suspected at regular
informing on free masons" activities. Facts proving
this were not found. Author of a book "The Russian
Masonry of the XX century".		"Polar Star".
One of three founders of Odessa"s Lodge "The truth".
Supreme Council of Russian Free Masonry and Council of
eighteen of the "Order of free masons" of the regular
French rite Grand Lodge "Grand Orient of France" in
Russia6/8- 1910).

Basakov V.P.		Deputy of State Duma. Worshipful Master
of British lodge in St.-Petersburg.		"English" lodge
of Scottish rite.

Lombard B.-S.		Head of British masons in Russia
(St.-Petersburg).
Prior of the Anglican Church of the British Embassy.
"English" lodge of Scottish rite.

Chistyakov P.A		Worshipful Master of an of
St.-Petersburg lodge "Astreia" of Scottish rite.
"Astreia" Lodge of Scottish rite, St.-Petersburg.

G.M. Montegus		A Paris pop-star of the first years of
XX century. Revolutionary. A french police informer.
Allegedly French rite mason of the "L"Union de
Belleville" (Paris) in 1902.		Grand Orient of France

James Percey (Ivan Fydorovich Persits)		Agent of
Russian secret political police who worked as a
British citizen, a correspondent of British and
American edition in Russia. Secretary in an of
St.-Petersburg lodge "Astreia" of Scottish rite where
Worshipful Master was P.A.Chistyakov. Exposed by V.
Burtsev. In 1909 deported abroad by police.		"Astreia"
Lodge of Scottish rite, St.-Petersburg.

Bittard Monnin		Agent of Russian Intelligence in
France in 1908 -1912. Worked inside of Russian and
French lodges. Revealed by V.L. Burtsev and members of
the Russian Jewish Masonic lodge "Les Etudiants"
("Students") (students learning in Paris).		Grand
Orient of France

Gorodynski		Member of New York lodge. Asked permission
to lecture on the Masonic themes in Russia in March
1907. Came from Warsow.		 

Cachen Marcel (1869 - 1958)		French Mason. Was an
Emissary of French Masonry in Russia in the period of
the Provisional Govt. Later Communist, leader of the
Communist Party of France ("French Lenin") in the 20s.
	Grand Orient of France

Renoult Renais		The French rite lodge "L"Avangard
Masonnique". Worshipful Master in the beginning of the
XX century.		"L"Avangard Masonnique" , "Grand Orient
of France" jurisdiction.

Antoine Baptiste Louis Laffer (1861-1929)		Professor
of rhetoric, senator, mason from 1889, president of
Council of order "Grand Orient of France" in 1903-1905
and in 1907 -1909. Radical-socialist.		"Grand Orient
of France"

Sincholl (Sincholles) Bertrand (1844 - 1930)
Engineer. Mason since 1882, a close friend of Duke
Michael A. Bakunin, father of Russian anarchism. From
1892 member of Great College of Rituals, its deacon,
since 1890 member of Council of order "Grand Orient of
France", Worshipful Master of the lodge "Les
Renovateurs", in 1908 vice-president of Council of
order "Grand Orient of France".		Worshipful Master of
the lodge "Les Renovateurs", "Grand Orient of France"

Boulet George (1855 - 1920)		Industrialist, 1905 -
1907 - vice-president and later President of Council
of order "Grand Orient of France", in 1908 Grand
Chancellor of Great College of Rituals. In 1910
Worshipful Master of the lodge "Les Admirateurs de
l"Universe" ("Admirers of the Universe").		"Les
Admirateurs de l"Universe", "Grand Orient of France".
Addressing him in 1910 the knight kadosh Raoul
Lantzenberg said: "Your activities expands beyond the
boundaries of France, and the history will remember
that you were the first one who laid the foundation of
the symbolical lodges in the frosty estuary of Neva
river and near the snowy roots of the Kemlin walls in
the remote and barbarous kingdom of the Moscovites".

Tomas Albert (1978 - 1930)		Right Socialist.
Historian. Correspondent of daily "L"Humanite". Since
1910 head of parliamentary faction of Socialist Party.
Member of French government. Minister of ammunition in
1915 - 1917. Spring 1917 - he makes several trips to
Russia to persuade Russian brothers from the
Provisional Government to continue war actions despite
everything.		 

Tereshchenko Mikhail Ivanovich (1885-1956)		Son of
Kiev millionaire. One of the richest men at then time.
Chairman of Kiev military-industrial committee.
Landowner. Industrialist. Financier. Owner of the
"Sirin" Publishing House. Member of Constitution
Democrats" Party. Progressist. Member of the Supreme
Council. KEY FIGURE OF SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE GREAT
EAST OF RUSSIA"S PEOPLE Officer of the Supreme Council
(Shadow Cabinet of Russia) supporting contacts with
the military circles. Deputy Chairman of Central
Military Industrial council of Russian Empire.
Minister of Finance and (since May 1917) Minister of
Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Govt. Replaced
Milyukov as Foreign Minister. Every morning accepted
Ambassadors of France, Great Britain, Italy. Friend of
the U.S.A. Ambassador Francis. Carried out monthly
conferences with French masons" emissary and French
Socialist Albert Tomas. Friend of Alexander Blok,
Greatest Russian poet of Silver Age of Russian Poetry.
Unlike Milyukov he had to be faithful to the Masonic
obligation. Besides he worked for his own future
forecasting unavoidable emigration. But ... in 1921 he
became a member of Trade, Industrial and Finance
Committee of the Soviet Russia, despite he had been
arrested by the Bolsheviks on 26 October (9 November)
1918 in Winter Palace together with other Provisional
Govt. Ministers. Later he managed to escape in Norway
and in France. In 20-30s carried out finance
operations in France and in Madagascar. Died in
Monaco.		"La Petite Ourse" (Ursa Minor),
Supreme Council of the Great East of Russia’s Peoples

The lodge "La Petite Ourse" (Ursa Minor) was founded
in 1910 in St.-Petersburg and since 1912 included
A. Kerensky, A.Galpern (Worshipful Master), I.
Yefremov, A.Kolyubakin.
N. Nekrasov took this lodge and its rules for the
model while forming "The Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples". The lodge was regarded as coordinating one.

Meidel G.Kh.		Baron. Engineer. Prominent liberal.
Mason of the 18th step of the French rite. Initiated
by Boulet and Sincholl in Russia. Member of Capitul of
the "Polar Star". Member of Lodge’s Chapitre (Supreme
Council of Lodge). Secretary of the Council of
eighteen of the "Order of free masons" of the regular
French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of Russia"(1906/8-
1910).		"Polar Star".
Council of eighteen of the "Order of free masons" of
the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of
Russia"(1906/8- 1910).

Shchegolev P. Ye.		Member of the "Polar star" lodge
(French rite).		"Polar Star", Grand Orient of France.

Kedrin Ye.I. (1851 - 1921)		Initiated on June 8 (15),
1905 in regular French rite lodge "Les Renovateurs"
(jurisdiction of the "Grand Orient of France").
"Cosmo"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898)
in Paris. Mason of 18th step of the French rite.
Initiated again by Boulet and Sincholl in Russia.
Member of Capitul of the "Polar Star". Member of
Lodge’s Chapitre (Supreme Council of Lodge). 2nd
Warden Council of eighteen of the "Order of free
masons" of the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great
East of Russia"(1906/8- 1910). Member of the Executive
Committee of the Cadets Party.		"Les Renovateurs"
(Worshipful Master Bertrand Sincholles), "Cosmo"(?288)
Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris.
Worshipful Master d-r Nicole. "Polar Star". Council of
eighteen of the "Order of free masons" of the regular
French rite Grand Lodge "Grand Orient of France" in
Russia (1906/8- 1910). Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Dzunkovsky Vladimir Fyodorovich (1865 - ?)		Top rank
official. Moscow General-Governor, Deputy Minister of
Internal Affairs (in time of Minister of Foreign
Affairs N.A. Maklakov, brother of mason V.A.Maklakov).
Minion of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov and
Grand Duchess Yelizaveta Fyodorovna Romanova, sister
of Emperor"s wife.		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Maklakov Vasiliy Alexeyevich (1869 - 1957)		Deputy of
II-IV State Duma. Member of the Executive Committee of
Cadets Party. Initiated 1904 in Paris in "Les
Renovateurs" regular French rite lodge under the
nickname "Moribanoff"and once again on 8 May 1905 in
French rite lodge "L"Avangard Masonnique" in presence
of M.M. Kovalevsky (both lodges under jurisdiction of
the "Grand Orient of France"). Participant of
"Cosmo"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898)
in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r Nicole. Mason of the
18th step of the French rite. Initiated by Boulet and
Sincholl in Russia. Member of Capitul of the "Polar
Star". Member of Lodge’s Chapitre (Supreme Council of
Lodge).. Brother of Chernigov governer and Minister of
Internal Affairs (since 1912) N.A. Maklakov. Russian
Ambassador in France in 1917. Was suspected (with
Britishers) in copartnership in murder of Rasputin.
"Les Renovateurs" "L"Avangard Masonnique" (Worshipful
Master Renais Renoult) "Cosmo"(?288) Scottish rite
lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris. Worshipful Master
d-r Nicole. "Polar Star", "Resurrection", "Great East
of Russia", Great East of Russia"s Peo ples.

Nekrasov Nikolai Vissarionovich (1879 - 1940)
Professor of Tomsk Politechnical Institute and
University (Siberia). Initiated in St.-Petersburg in
1908 at the ceremony held in the apartment of
Worshipful Master of the "Polar Star" Count A.
Orlov-Davydov. Worshipful Master of the lodge "Aurora
Borealis". Founding father of the Supreme Council of
the "Great East of Russia’s Peoples". General
Secretary of the Supreme Council of the Great East of
Russia’s Peoples in 1915 —1916. KEY FIGURE OF SUPREME
COUNCIL OF THE GREAT EAST OF RUSSIA"S PEOPLE Officer
of the Supreme Council (Shadow Cabinet of Russia)
supporting contacts with the liberal opposition . Left
Wing Constitutional Democrat (Cadet). Deputy of III
and IV State Dumas. Member of the Executive Committee
of the Cadets Party. Member of Bureau of the
"Progressists" block. The Provisional Govt. Minister
of Lines of Communications, of Finance, Minister w/o
portfolio. In summer 1917 left the Cadets Party. Close
friend of P. N. Milyukov, Chairman of Cadets Party.
After Bolshevik Revolution served in the Soviet
organizations, from 1921 in "Tsentrosoyuz".		"Polar
Star", "Aurora Borealis" (Worshipful Master), "Great
East of Russia", "La Petite Ourse" (Ursa Minor),
"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma),
"Peace Society", Supreme Council of the Great East of
Russia’s Peoples

Orlov-Davydov A. A.		Count. Cadet. Member of the
Executive Committee of the Cadets Party. "Polar
Star"(Worshipful Master). Mason of the 18th step of
the French rite (since Jan. 1907). Initiated by Boulet
and Sincholl in Russia. Member of Capitul of the
"Polar Star". Member of Lodge"s Chapitre (Supreme
Council of Lodge) of "Polar Star". Treasurer Council
of Russian free masons of the "Order of free masons"
of the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of
Russia"(1906/8- 1910). Later would say that Russian
masons were not real masons, but plotters and their
activities had nothing really to do with the Masonry.
Despite this wise remark, according to Bebutov, he was
considered to be a degenerate among brothers but they
put up with him because they needed him as a sponsor.
"Polar Star"(Worshipful Master), Members: Gambarov,
Ivanyukov, Borodin, Pawlow-Silwanski, Zhikharev, bar.
Meidel, Margulies, Nemirovich-Danchenko, Shchegolev,
Tiraspolsky, Anichkov, Teplov. "Great East of Russia",
Council of Russian free masons of the "Order of free
masons" of the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great
East of Russia"(1906/8- 1910). "Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Obolensky Vladimir Alexandrovich		Duke.
Member of the Central Committee of the Cadets
(1910-1917). Leader of the St.-Petersburg regional
council. Participant of the first lodges in Russia. He
belonged to the old and tested masons who went through
school of free masonry in France, in lodges of Moscow,
St.-Petersburg and other Russian cities. Member of
Supreme Council of Russia’s peoples from 1913 to 1916.
Member of the Central Committee of the Cadets Party.
Participant of the first lodges in Russia. Supreme
Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Balavinsky S.A.		Lawyer. Member of the Supreme Council
since 1912. Participant of the first lodges in Russia.
General Secretary of the Supreme Council of the Great
East of Russia’s Peoples since December 1918.
Participant of the first lodges in Russia.
"Ressurection", "Polar Star", "Great East of Russia",
Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Sidamon-Eristov G.D.		Member of the Supreme Council
since 1912.		"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV
State Duma), Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Nabokov Vladimir Dmitriyevich (1869 - 1922)		Cadet.
One of Cadets" founders and leaders. Deputy of
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Cadets"
Party. Editor of the newspaper "Vestnik partii
narodnoy svobody" ("Herald of the Party of people"s
liberation"). Deputy of I State Duma. Executive
secretary of the Provisional govt. Killed in
emigration, in Prague. Uncle of Vladimir Nabokov,
American writer of Russian origin, author of
"Lollita".		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Nabokov K.D.		First secretary of Russian Embassy in
Great Britain, deputy of ambassador (Jan. 1917) of the
Provisional Government Alexander Konstantinovich
Benkendorf (app. in 1916). Cadet.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Kandaurov L.D.		Councilor of Russian Embassy in France
	Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Zabello G.P.		Italy, Consul		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples..

Neklyudov A.V.		Sweden, Consul		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples..

Loris-Melikov Ivan Z.		Physician.
Initiated in the "Cosmo" (?288) Scottish rite lodge
(resumed from 1898) in Paris.
In 1909 deputy in State Duma (national faction).
"Cosmo"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898)
in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r Nicole.
"Grand Orient of France", Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Loris-Melikov I. G.		Norway, Consul of the Provisional
Govt.		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Onu K.M.		Switzerland, Envoy		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Mandelstamm A.N.		Agent of Foreign Ministry		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Bakhmetyev B.A.		Diplomat in the U.S.A. (Do not
confuse with Bakhmetyev Georgiy (Yuri) Petrovich,
Russian Ambassador ib Bulgaria).		 Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Kudashev N.A.		Diplomat in China		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Shcherbatsky A.I.		Brazil, Chief of Diplomatic
Missionary		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Kerensky Alexander Fyodorovich (1881 - 1970)
Rosencrucian (head of Russian Rosencrucian was Grand
Duke Alexandre Mikhailovich Romanov). Lawyer. Legal
advisor of the German firm "Span &sons" in Russia.
According police informers he had a huge sums from
abroad sources for organization of revolutionary
movement in the boundaries of Russian Empire.
Initiated in 1912 in La Petite Ourse(Ursa Minor) lodge
in St.-Petersburg. General Secretary of the Supreme
Council of the Great East of Russia’s Peoples in 1915
- 1916. KEY FIGURE OF SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE GREAT
EAST OF RUSSIA"S PEOPLE Officer of the Supreme Council
(Shadow Cabinet of Russia) supporting contacts with
radicals and socialists. Member of "Rose"Llodge
("Masons" Grouping" in IV State Duma). Chairman of
Trudovik (Labourist Party) faction in State Duma.
Chairman of the IV State Duma. Member, deputy of the
chairman of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd
(St.-Petersburg) Council Socialist-Revolutionaries"
Party (from 1917). Member of the Provisional committee
of the State Duma. Minister of the Provisional
Government - of Justice (March - May 1917), Military
and Marine ( May - Sept. 1917), Premier-Minister of
the Provisional Government (since July), head of the
Directory (September), chairman of the 3rd Coalition
Government (October). Commander-in-Chief of Russian
Army since 30 August (12Sept.) 1917. Organized rebel
of general P.N. Krasnov against bolsheviks. Emigrated
in 1918. When in emigration was insulted by not being
included in the International Masonic Supreme Council
and by not being awarded a degree of "Venerable
Master" of the French rite Masonry. Since 1940 lived
in U.S.		Rosencrucian, La Petite Ourse(Ursa Minor)),
"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma),
Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Kolyubakin Alexander Mikhailovich (1868 - 1915)
Originated from Tver city. Initiated in Paris before
1905. General Secretary of the Supreme Council of the
Great East of Russia’s Peoples from Summer 1912 till
the end of 1914. Left Wing Cadet. Member of the
Central Committee of the Cadets Party. Deputy of
III,IV State Dumas. Minister of the Provisional Govt.
Was a second in a duel of P.N. Milyukov with A.I.
Guchkov. Died on the front as result of accident.
Initiated in Paris before 1905. "Polar Star", "La
Petite Ourse" ("Ursa Minor"), "Great East of Russia",
"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma),
Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Galpern A. Y.		Worshipful Master of the "La Petite
Ourse" (Ursa Minor) which principles and
organizational structure (uniting functions of junior
warden and secretary, Worshipful Master (or Venerable)
who contacted secretary of Supreme Council and
treasurer) served as a prototype of the Supreme
Council"s lodges in general. General Secretary of the
Supreme Council of the Great East of Russia’s Peoples
since Summer of 1916 after A. Kerensky. Menshevik
(Social Democratic Party). Minister of Provisional
Govt.		La Petite Ourse (Ursa Minor), "Rose" lodge
("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma), Supreme Council
of the Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Yefremov Ivan Nikolayevich (1866 - ?)		Landowner. Left
Wing Cadet Member of the Central Committee of the
Cadets Party.. Deputy of I, III, IV State Dumas, one
of leaders of the Progressists" faction. Minister of
the Provisional Government. KEY FIGURE OF SUPREME
COUNCIL OF THE GREAT EAST OF RUSSIA"S PEOPLE since
1916. Officer of the Supreme Council (Shadow Cabinet
of Russia) supporting contacts with the trade and
industrial circles. "Peace Society", chairman of
bureau.		La Petite Ourse (Ursa Minor), "Rose" lodge
("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma), "Peace Society",
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples..

Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich (1862 - 1936)
Industrialist. A Moscow house owner and landlord.
Millionaire. Director of Merchant bank. Worshipful
Master of "Military Lodge". Member of Convent the
Supreme Council. Chairman of the Oktyabrist Party
("Alliance of 17th October"). It was the largest right
party of Russia. Deputy and Chairman of III State
Duma. Chairman of Central Military Industrial council
and Member of State council of Russian Empire (1915 -
1917). Military and Marine Minister of Provisional
Government (March - May 1917). Emigrated in 1918.
"Military Lodge", formed in 1909 as Army lodge to
promote friendship with military circles of L"Entente
and after defeat with German Army Oberkommando.
Worshipful Master A.I. Guchkov, members generals and
colonels Alexeyev, Svechin, Ruzsky, Krymov, Teplov,
Mstislavsky-Maslovsky, others. While creating his
"Great East of Russia"s Peoples" N. Nekrasov regarded
this lodge as the coordinating one (likewise "Le Petit
Ourse" (Ursa Minor). (According to M.S. Margulies,
however, it existed in the period of the "Grand Orient
of France" in Russia or even was a lodge of the
South-West front, i.e. a marching lodge of S.S.
Zhikharev. In reality they are different lodges).
"Military Lodge", Supreme Council of the Grand Orient
of Russia’s Peoples

Avksentyev Nikolai Dmitriyevich (1879 - 1970)		Right
Wing Socialist-Revolutionary. Minister of Foregn
affairs in the second Coalition Provisional Govt.
Arrested and deported from Russia in 1918 by White
Army Commander, Admiral Kolchak. Became Worshipful
Master of the Parisian lodge of Russian emigrants "The
Northern Star".		Cadet Mason. Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples, "The Northern Star" (Paris) in 1920s.

Ratayev L.		Russian Intelligence Resident in France.
Gathered information on free masons, French and
Russian in the Western Europe.

Alekseyev Boris Kirillovich (1882 - after 1926)		Agent
of Russian secret police among free masons. Reported
from Paris in 1911 about existence of French and
Russian masons" conspiracy against P. A. Stolypin.		P.
A. Stolypin (1862 -1911), Chairman of the Council of
Ministers and Minister of Internal Affairs of Russian
Empire(1906 - 1911). Killed in Kiev by
Socialist-Revolutionary Bogrov.

Alekseyev Mikhail Vasilyevich (1857 - 1918)		General.
Accepted abdication of the Russian Emperor Nikolai II
(1868 - 1918) in March 1917. Chief of Staff of
Commander-in-Chief (March - May 1917). Since 30 August
1917 Chief of Staff of Commander-in-Chief Kerensky
A.F. Was proposed for a Military dictator. Organizer
of the White Army (31 Aug.1918).		"Military Lodge",
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Ruzsky Nikolai Vladimirovich (1854 - 1918)		General.
Commander of the North-West front.		"Military Lodge",
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Svechin Alexey Alexandrovich (1865 - ?)		General.
Initiated in Paris before 1905. Cadet. Member of the
Central Committee of the Cadets Party. Deputy of I
State Duma.		Initiated in Paris before 1905. "Military
Lodge", "Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State
Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Krymov		Colonel		"Military Lodge", Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Teplov V.V.		Colonel. Member of the first in Russia
regular French rite lodge "Polar star" under "Grand
Orient of France" jurisdiction. Member of the
"Military Lodge" under "Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples" jurisdiction.		"Polar star", "Grand Orient of
France", "Military Lodge", Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Velikhov L. A.		Cadet. Deputy of IV State Duma.
Worshipful Master of the "Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma).		"Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma). This lodge included more
members than it was allowed by Supreme Council for
other lodges, they are: L.Velikhov (Worshipful
Master), I.Yefremov, N.Nekrasov, N. Volkov, V.
Stepanov, A. Kerensky, N. Chkheidze, M. Skobelyev, A.
Konovalov, A.Galpern, M.Tereshchenko, S. Prokopovich,
others. "Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State
Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Chkhenkeli A.I.		Menshevik (Social-Democrat)		"Rose"
lodge( "Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma)

Volkov N.K.		Left Wing Cadet Member of the Central
Committee of the Cadets Party. Commissar of the
Provisional Govt. in the agricultural field. In
emigration finance and production director of the
Russian newspaper "Posledniye Novosti" ("Latest News")
published by P. N. Milyukov.		"Rose" lodge( "Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma). Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Vasilenko N. P.		Cadet. Member of the Central
Committee of Cadets Party.		"Rose" lodge( "Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma)

Vinogradov V.A.		Cadet. Member of the Central
Committee of Cadets Party. Commissar of the
Provisional Govt. in the finance field.		"Rose" lodge(
"Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma)

Kokoshkin Fyodor Kuzmich (1871 - 1918)		Lawyer.
Participant of the first lodges in Russia. Professor
of Moscow University. One of organizers of the Cadets
Party. Member of the Central Committee of Cadets
Party. Killed with Shingaryov by anarchist bluejackets
in Mariinsky hospital where they were specially
delivered to right from prison in Petropalovsk
fortress.
Soon all five bluejackets were shot by Bolsheviks too
to cover the political crime. Both politician may have
known something about Masonic links of the Bolsheviks
leaders. The latter that time regularly killed
everybody who could light their secret contacts with
any of many competing forces that helped them to usurp
the State power (among them General Staff of German
Oberkommando). Murders of Embassador Mierbach in
Moscow and field-marshal von Eichhorn in Kiev were
links of the same chain too. They knew too much and
were dangerous to all negotiating parties.
Participant of the first lodges in Russia. "Rose"
lodge ( "Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma)

Grigorovich-Barsky D.N.		Lawyer from Kiev. Cadet.
Member of the Central Committee of Cadets Party.
"Rose" lodge( "Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma)

Stepanov Vasiliy Alexandrovich (1871 - 1920)
Engineer. Left Wing Cadet. Member of the Central
Committee of Cadets Party. Deputy of III - IV State
Duma. Deputy of Minister of Trade and Industry of the
Provisional Govt. Member of the Supreme Council since
1912. In emigration member of Parisian group of
cadets.		"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State
Duma), Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Chkheidze Nikolai (Carlo) Semyonovich (1864 - 1926)
One of leaders of Menshevik (Social Democrat).
Chairman of the Menshevik Party facitons in III and IV
State Duma. Chairman of the Petrograd (former
St.-Petersburg) City Council at the time of the
Provisional Government. Chairman of Georgia government
in summer of 1919. Emigrant from 1921.		"Rose" lodge
("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Skobelyev Matvei Ivanovich (1885 - 1938)		Menshevik
(Social Democrat). Deputy of IV Duma. Deputy Chairman
of Petrograd City Council in the period of the
Provisional Govt. Minister of Labor in the Provisional
Govt. (May - August 1917). After the Bolshevik
revolution worked in the Soviet economics. In 1922
became a member of the Bolshevik Party.		"Rose" lodge
("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Konovalov Alexander Ivanovich (1875- 1948)
Millionaire. Landowner. After graduation from Moscow
University till 1897 worked as an engineer in
Muellheim in Alsace. After returning home went in for
commercial and social activities. Progressists" Block.
Leader of the "Progressists" in IV State Duma. One of
the most informed and influential speakers on the
trade and industrial development items in the State
Duma. Since Aug. 1917 member of Cadets Party. Deputy
Chairman (de facto, head of the Central Military
Industrial council of Russian Empire. KEY FIGURE OF
SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE GREAT EAST OF RUSSIA"S PEOPLES
since 1916. Officer of the Supreme Council of the
"Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples responsible for
contacts with trade and industrial circles. Minister
of Trade and Industry in the first two Cabinets of the
Provisional Government, since October 1917 - deputy of
chairman of the Provisional Government. Died in
New-York.		"La Petite Ourse" (Ursa Minor), "Rose"
lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Chermak L.K.		Worshipful Master.  		A lodge under
jurisdiction of Supreme Council (as an exclusion
numbered 16 persons against usual for the lodges of
the "Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples 7-14 men -
Worshipful Master, or Venerable, 1st and 2nd Wardens,
Deacon, Treasurer, Secretary, Tyler). Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Prokopovich Sergey Nikolayevich (1871 - 1955)
Economist. Editor of the journal "Bez nazvaniya"
("Without a title"). Initiated in France in the 90s of
the XIX century. Member of the Central Committee of
the Cadets Party. Minister of Trade and Industry
(August 1917) and Minister of supply of the
Provisional Govt. (September - October 1917).
Initiated in Paris before 1905. Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples..

Chernosvitov K.K.		Founding father of the lodge
"Federation" ("K.K. Chernosvitov"). Allegedly regular
French rite lodge approved by the "Grand Orient of
France". Was under suspect of imitation of the
regularity just to avoid necessity of being initiated
again in the first step. Member of the Central
Committee of the Cadets Party. Commissar of the
Provisional Govt. in the Post.		"Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma), "Federation" ("K.K.
Chernosvitov"). Worshipful Master P.N. Pereverzev, one
of the members - A.D. Margolin and N.B. Glasberg, the
latter since 1917. Allegedly "Grand Orient of France".

Kuskova Yekaterina Dmitriyevna (1869 -1958)		Wife of
Prokopovich S. N. Initiated as a Mason of High Steps.
A friend of Yekaterina Peshkova, wife of Maxim Gorky.
Gorky, Peshkova, Zinoviy Peshkov (brother of Yakov
Sverdlov) to whom he was Godfather took interest in
Masonry at that time. A journalist of the Cadets"
editions - journal "Bez zaglaviya" ("Without a title")
and newspaper "Tovarishch" ("Comrade"). Publicist, an
ideologist (with P.B. Struve) of the "economism" (a
type of modern Scandiavian state capitalism). Deported
in 1922 by bolsheviks.		Participant of the first
lodges in Russia. Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Aldanov Mark (Aldanov M.A.) (1886 - 1957)		Trudovik
(Labourist Party). Writer. Close friend of Ivan Bunin,
Nobel Prize winner for literature (1933). Founding
father of Russian Masonic lodges in France in
Emigration after Revolution and Civil War.		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Ryabushinsky Pavel Pavlovich (1871 - 1924)
Millionaire. One of the richest men of Russia at then
time. The most influential among three Ryabushinsky
brothers. Chairman of Moscow Military and Industrial
Committee. Member of State Council of Russian Empire.
Publisher of Moscow daily newspaper "Morning of
Russia"(1907, 1909-1916) that was a political endeavor
and brought pure losses. After the Bolshevik usurp the
power emigrated and became a member of the "Russian
trade and industrial alliance" ("Torgprom") uniting
all emigrated Russian businessmen living in the
countries of the Western Europe. Close friend of
British Ambassador Buchanan. Two brothers of his also
were free masons.		Supreme Council of the Grand Orient
of Russia’s Peoples

Chelnokov Mikhail Vasilyevich (1863 - ?)
Industrialist. Co-owner of the construction materials
company "V.K.Shaposhnikov, M.V. Chelnokov and Co."
Moscow Mayor (since 1914). Cadet Deputy of II and III
State Duma. Chief Executive of All-Russia Alliance of
Cities (1914 - 1917) . Since 1 March 1917 Commissar of
the Provisional Govt. in State Duma. Close friend of
British Ambassador Buchanan.		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Dolgorukov Pavel Dmitriyevich (18 66 - 1927)		Duke.
Landowner. Initiated in Paris in 1905 in the
"L"Avangard Masonnique" under the nickname "Couthon".
Cadet. One of founders (in 1905) and a member of
Central Committee of Cadet Party. Chairman of the
Central Committee of the Cadet Party in 1911- 1915.
Chairman of Cadets faction in II State Duma. Founding
Father of the Masonic "Peace Society" in Moscow
(formed in 1909). Emigrated in 1920. Returned secretly
in 1926 to continue struggle and was captured. Shot in
a company of 18 monarchists by the Bolsheviks as a
result of his counterrevolutionary activities and
revenge for killing Soviet ambassador Voikov in Warsaw
on June 10, 1927.		"Peace Society", comprised 324
brothers in 1911.

Fyodorov Mikhail Mikhailovich		Banker. Director of
Trade Department of the Minister of Finance of Russian
Empire (1903 - 1905). Minister of Trade and Industry
(1906). Cadet. Deputy of State Duma. In November 1918
joined the "9" - a clandestine Cadet organization and
became Emissary of it in Novocherkassk where General
Alexeyev M.V. was organizing the White Army against
the Bolsheviks. Chairman of pro-French wing of cadets.
In 1920 emigrated in Paris. Member of the Trade and
Industrial Alliance("Torgprom").		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples..

Shingaryov Andrei Ivanovich (1869 - 1918)		Physician.
Participant of the first lodges in Russia. Cadet.
Member of the Central Committee of the Cadets Party.
Member of II -IV State Duma. Member of the Central
Committee of Cadets Party. Minister of Agriculture and
Finance (since 5 May 1917) of the Provisional
Government. Killed by an anarchist bluejacket in
Mariinsky hospital in Petrograd (St.-Petersburg).
"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma),
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Steingel F.R.		Cadet. Mason from Kiev, Ukraine. Member
of the Central Committee of the Cadets Party.
"Kiyevskaya Zarya" ("Kiev"s Dawn"), "Rose" lodge
("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma).. Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Steingel Pavel		Industrialist.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Moeller-Zakomelsky Alexander Nikolayevich (1844 - ?)
Baron. General. Commander of punitive expeditions
(1905 - 1907), Baltic provinces" General-Governor.
Member of State Council of Russian Empire (since
1909).. Chairman of "Progressists" block in State
Duma. Emigrated after the Bolshevik revolution.		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Polovtsev Petr Alexandrovich		Member of Supreme
Council Convent. Mason of the 33rd step.
Major-General. Commander of Petrograd military
district (since May 1917), Chief of Staff of "Wild"
division (Cavalry of Caucasus Highlanders). Emigrated
in 1918.		Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples

Demidov I.P.		Cadet. Member of the Central Committee
of the Cadets Party. Commissar of the Provisional
Govt. in the agricultural field. Participant of the
first lodges in Russia. General Secretary of the
Supreme Council of the Great East of Russia’s Peoples
since Summer 1919.		"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in
IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Milyukov Pavel Nikolayevich (1859 -1943)		A historian.
Editor of the Cadets Party newspaper "Rech"
("Speech"). One of chairmen of the Constitutional
Democrat (Cadet) party (since October 1907 when it was
formed), the first foreign ministry of the Provisional
govt. In 1917 Cadets has membership of 50 thousand
people. Bolsheviks banned Cadets on Nov. 28, 1917. In
emigration, in Paris published the newspaper
"Posledniye Novosti" ("The latest news"). He was not a
mason, but knew masons affairs much better than some
masons" rank and files and leaders .. His memoirs
where he indirectly recognized the fact of existence
of brotherhood were published in New York in 1955, 12
years after he’d died. Was first who understood that
obligation for the "Grand Orient of France" would mean
victory of Communists in Russia. "Either reasonable
peace or Lenin’s triumph" (Sept. 1917). He was
dismissed from the Provisional government in April
1917. He always refused to join the Masonry because
supposed that it was not Russian masons who were
making strategic decisions and it was not masons in
general who were controlling situation. He always was
with masons because there were a lot of competent and
serious people among them. In 1943 recognized Soviet
Power. Wrote about it in the article "Truth of
bolshevism".		Profane.

Dan (Gurvich) Fyodor Ilich (1871 - 1947)		Menshevik
(Social Democrat). Member of Execution Committee of
Petrograd City Council (Soviet). Deported by
bolsheviks in 1922. His sister L.O.Dan was wife of
Yuli Osipovich Martov (Zederbaum) who once was the
best friend of Lenin and one of founder of Mensheviks
Party. Lenin loved him all his life. Before his death,
Lenin asked, "They say that Martov are dying too".
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Chagall Mark		A great Russian artist of the Silver
Age. A member the lodge of Vitebsk.		Lodge of Vitebsk.
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Ahronson Grigoriy Yakovlevich (? - 1968)		Menshevik
(Social Democrat). Initiated in 1913 in the lodge of
Vitebsk (Byelorussia). Remained a mason till 1914. He
was the first author that described participation of
the masons in Russian revolution. Being in emigration
he published two books "Russia on the eve of
Revolution", "Book on Russian Jewry". Letters of Ye.
Kuskova to him was published in 1959 in the American
Russian-speaking daily "Novoye Russkoye Slovo" (New
York). It was conversations with Ahronson that made
Nina Berberova to research this theme and write the
pioneer book "People and Lodges"..		Lodge of Vitebsk.
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Nolde B.		Diplomat. Mason of the 33rd step. Supported
patriotic and pragmatic position of Milyukov and
therefore was excluded from the masons despite the
high degree of his initiation.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Borodin N.A.		Professor. Member of the "Polar Star"
French rite lodge in St.-Petersburg. Chairman of the
"Society of rapprochement between Russia and America",
friendly for the "Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples".
"The polar Star", Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Voronovich Nikolai Vladimirovich		 		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Golovin Fyodor Alexandrovich (1867 - ?)		Mason of the
18th degree of French rite. Initiated in Russia after
Nov. 1908. Participant of the first lodges in Russia.
Member of capitul of "Polar Star" and "Resurrection".
1st Warden the Supreme Council of Russian Free Masonry
"Order of free masons" of the regular French rite
Grand Lodge "Great East of Russia"(1906/8- 1910). One
of organizers and a member of the Executive Committee
of Cadets Party. Chairman of II State Duma. Deputy of
II and III State Duma.		"Polar Star" or
"Resurrection". "Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV
State Duma), Member of the Supreme Council of Russian
Free Masonry and Council of eighteen of the "Order of
free masons" of the regular French rite Grand Lodge
"Great East of Russia"(1906/8- 1910).

Golovin Nikolai Nikolayevich		Academician of the
Russian General Staff.		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples..

Sokolov N.D.		Participant of the first lodges in
Russia.		"La Petite Ourse" (Ursa Minor), Grand Orient
of Russia’s Peoples.

Zhdanovich G.F.		 		"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in
IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Obninsky Viktor Petrovich (1867 - 1916)		Historian.
Cadet. Leading journalist of the influential newspaper
"Russkiye Vedomosty".		"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping"
in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Filosofov, D.V.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Kharitonov		Treasurer of the "Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma).		"Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Karaulov Mikhail Alexandrovich (1878 - 1917)		Cossack
officer. Deputy of IV State Duma. Member of the
"Progressists" block. "Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping"
in IV State Duma), Since 1917 of the Tersk region
cossack army. Commissar of the Provisional government
in the Terek (Northern Caucasus) region. Killed by the
revolutionary soldiers in 1917.		"Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Bernstamm ("Clever B.")		 		"Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma), Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Bernstamm ("Silly B.")		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Grushevsky Mikhail Sergeyevich (1866 - 1934)		Lodge
"Kiyevskaya Zarya" ("Kiev"s Dawn"), Ukraine.
Nationalist. Historian In 1917 organized Central Rada
(Council) of Ukraine. In 1919 emigrated. In 1924 came
back. Since 1929 academician of the Academy of
Sciences of the USSR.		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Dolgopolov Nikolai Savvich		Duke. Cadet. Member of the
Executive Committee of Cadets.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Vinaver Maxim Moiseyevich (1863 -1926)		Lawyer. Editor
of the "Herald of Law". Cadet. One of founders and
members of the Executive Committee of Cadets(1905).
Deputy of I State Duma. Member of the Provisional
Government. Member of the Supreme Council of the Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.		Supreme Council of the
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Seeler Vladimir Feofilovich		 		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples..

Krol Lev Afanasyevich		Delegate of Supreme Council of
the Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples in Perm City.
Supreme Council of the Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Krym (Neumann) Solomon Samoilovich		Cadet. Deputy of
Duma.		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Lebedyev Vladimir Ivanovich		Lieutenant.
Socialist-Revolutionary. Deputy of A.Kerensky in June
1917. Deputy of Military and Marine Ministers of the
Provisional Govt. (May 1917). Marine Minister in the
Provisional Govt. (July 1917).		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Panina Sophia Vladimirovna (1871 - 1956)		Countess.
Cadet. Member of the Central Committee of the Cadets
Party. Deputy of Minister of Welfare of the
Provisional Government (since May 1917), people’s
education (since August 1917). After Bolshevik
revolution emigrated. Adopted daughter of Ivan Ilich
Petrunkevich (1844 - 1928), a landowner, one of the
founders of Cadets Party and chairman of Central
Committee of Cadets Party. Publisher of the Cadet
newspaper "Rech" ("Speech"). Deputy of I State Duma.
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples. Having put under
control pure Masonic bodies, secret political police
didn’t take into account quasi-Masonic organizations
as they had nothing in common with regular Masonry.
These were political circles of liberals and democrats
recruited from the upper classes. They hadn’t rituals
and records. They eagerly accepted women who often
provided members of such organizations with places
where they could regularly meet and discuss pure
political affairs. Usually it was private apartments.
Panina" cadet circle was a typical case of the above
said scenario.

Petlyura Simon V. (1879 - 1926)		Ukrainian
Nationalist. Member of the Ukrainian Directory.
Commander of Army of the Ukrainian People’s Republic
since 10 February 1918. In 1920 emigrated.		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Rogovsky Yevgeniy Franzevich		 		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Slonim Mark Lvovich		Socialist-Revolutionary.		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Tchaikovsky Nikolai Vasiliyevich (1851 - 1926)
Socialist Revolutionary. Member of the Central
Committee of the Socialist Revolutionary Party,
Trudovik (Leibourist) (after February revolution). The
oldest revolutionary. One of founders of the
voelkischen "Great Society of Propaganda"(1868 -1874),
Foundation of free Russian press in London (1880), one
of leaders of the "All-Russia Alliance of cities"
(1914 - 1918). Evil enemy of the Soviet power.
Emigrated in 1920.		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Margulies Manuil Sergeyevich		Lawyer. Mason of the
18th degree of French rite. Initiated in Russia in
prison "Kresty" after Nov. 1908. Member of capitul of
"Polar Star" and "Resurrection". One of three founders
of Odessa"s Lodge "The truth". 2nd Warden of the
Supreme Council of Russian Free Masonry and Deacon of
the Council of eighteen of the "Order of free masons"
of the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of
Russia"(1906/8- 1910).		"Polar Star". One of three
founders of Odessa"s Lodge "The truth". Supreme
Council of Russian Free Masonry and Council of
eighteen of the "Order of free masons" of the regular
French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of Russia"(1906/8-
1910).  

Frumkin Ya. G.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Biskupsky		General..		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Skoropadsky Pavel Petrovich (1873 -1945)		Landowner in
Chernigov and Poltava provinces in Ukraine.
Lieutenant-General. Ukrainian Hetman in the period of
German occupation (Commander-in-Chief of the Army
grouping "Kiev" field-marshal Hermann von Eichhorn
(1849 - 1918) was killed by a
socialist-revolutionary). An ardent Germanist.		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Bogucharsky-Yakovlev V.Ya.		Journalist. Participant of
the first lodges in Russia.		Participant of the first
lodges in Russia. Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Sukhanov (Gimmer) Nikolai Nikolayevich (1882 - 1940)
Journalist. Economist. Member of
Socialist-Revolutionary Party since 1903. From 1917
Menshevik (Social-Democrat). Member of Central
Committee and Executive Committee of the Petrograd
City (Council). Editor of the newspaper "New Life".
Worked in Soviet economics.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Pereverzev Pavel Nikolayevich		Lawyer. Trudovik
(Laborist). Minister of Justice of the first coalition
Provisional Govt. (May-July 1917)		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Braudo A. I.		Director of Department of Public Library
in St.-Petersburg.		"Polar Star", "Great East of
Russia", "Great East of Russia?s Peoples".

Urusov Sergei Dmitriyevich		Duke. Top Rank official.
Deputy of Minister of the Internal Affairs (1906).
Deputy of I State Duma. Mason of the 18th degree of
French rite. Initiated in Russia after Nov. 1908.
Member of capitul of "Polar Star" and "Resurrection".
One of three founders of Odessa"s Lodge "The truth".
Worshipful Master (chairman) of the Supreme Council of
Russian Free Masonry of the "Order of free masons" of
the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of
Russia"(1906/8- 1910). KEY FIGURE OF SUPREME COUNCIL
OF THE GREAT EAST OF RUSSIA"S PEOPLES Officer of the
Supreme Council (Shadow Cabinet of Russia) supporting
formal contacts with the "Grand Orient of France" on
behalf thereof.		"Resurrection". One of three founders
of Odessa"s Lodge "The truth". Supreme Council of
Russian Free Masonry of the "Order of free masons" of
the regular French rite Grand Lodge "Great East of
Russia(1906/8- 1910). Supreme Council of the Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Mosolov A.A.		Top rank official.		"Grand Orient of
France" in Russia.

Semyonov Yevgeniy Petrovich (Kohan-Semyonovsky Yevno)
 Member of the French rite "Les etudiants" when
studied in France. Secretary of St.-Petersburg
affiliate of the "Peace Society" friendly to the
Supreme Council of the "Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples".		Lodge "Les etudiants", Paris, lodge of the
Quatier Latin and Sorbonne, "Grand Orient of France",
"Peace Society", Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Kartashev Anton Vladimirovich (1875 - 1960)
Journalist. Historian of Church. Professor of theology
of the St.-Petersburg Religious Academy. Chairman of
the "Religious and Philosophic Society" (friendly to
the Great East of Russia?s Peoples). Since 1917 chief
procurator of Holy Synod. Minister of religions of the
Provisional Govt.		Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Gippius Zinaida Nikolayevna (1869 - 1945)		An
outstanding poetess of the Silver Age of Russian
poetry. Adept of symbolism. Wife of D.S. Merezhkovsky.
	Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Merezhkovsky Dmitri Sergeyevich (1860 - 1941)		Writer.
Friend and rival of Ivan Bunin. Star of Russian
Literature Criticism. Historian. Religious
Philosopher. Emigrated in 20s.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Maslovsky-Mstislavsky S.D.		Journalist. Colonel.
Socialist-Revolutionary.		"Military" lodge and
"Literature" lodge, Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Savinkov (pen-name V. Ropshin) Boris V. (1879 - 1925)
Gifted Writer. One of the leaders of the
Socialist-Revolutionaries. Commander of their militant
terrorist group(1906). In 1917 Commissar of the
Provisional Government in the Staff of the Russian
Army Commander-in-Chief. Commissar of the South-West
front. Deputy to the military minister of the
Provisional govt. The evil enemy of the Soviet power.
Caught in the borderline. Put into prison on Lubianka
str. Rued the day he confronted the Bolshevik
dictatorship. Committed suicide in the prison of
K.G.B. The dark history of his death has not been
revealed so far.		Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Voloshin (Kiriyenko-Voloshin) Maximillian
Alexandrovich (1877 - 1932)		An outstanding poet of
the Silver Age of Russian Poetry. Artist
On 23 March 1905 initiated in France in the regular
"Les Vrais Amis Fideles" ("True friends") lodge of the
French rite. Member of the Scottish rite lodge "Mont
Sinai" (?6) in Paris since April 1905.		"Les Vrais
Amis Fideles" ("True friends") lodge of the French
rite. Scottish rite lodge "Mont Sinai" (?6) in Paris.
"Literature" Lodge, Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Vernadsky Vladimir Ivanovich (1863 - 1945)
Academician of Russian Empire Academy of Sciences
since 1912. Founder of geochemistry, biogeochemistry,
radiology. Chief of the Russian Academy of Sciences"
Committee on studying the natural productive forces of
Russia. The purpose of this organization was to open
new scientific research institutions that was
fulfilled later under the Bolsheviks.		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Klyachko-Lvov		Journalist. Observer of the daily
newspaper "Rech" ("Speech").		Profane who was blindly
and intensively used by Supreme Council of the " Great
East of Russia?s Peoples", especially in 1917.

Meier Alexander A.		Journalist		"Literature" Lodge,
Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Meier N.D.		 		 

Pavlov-Silwanski Nikolai Pavlovich (1869 - 1908)
Historian. Member of the first in Russia French rite
lodge "Polar star". Professor of the Higher women
courses named after Bestuzhev.		"Polar Star", "Great
East of Russia", "Great East of Russia?s Peoples".

Lutugin Leonid Ivanovich		Mine engineer. Participant
of the first lodges in Russia. Independent deputy.
Minister of labor in the 2nd coalition of the
Provisional Government.		Participant of the first
lodges in Russia. Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Lvov Georgiy Yevgeniyevich (1861 -1925)		Duke.
Landowner. Jurist. Cadet. Premier-Minister in the
first two cabinets and Minister of Internal Affairs in
the 1st Cabinet of the Provisional Government (March -
July 1917). Emigrated in France.		Supreme Council of
the Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Burtsev Yevgeniy Lvovich		A prominent mason. Publisher
of journal "Byloye". Nicknamed as the ""nightman of
the political parties", because he was a talented
investigator and exposed many secret political police
agents, including such outstanding informers of the
and Imperial secret police as Persey-Persits (fake
Briton), R.V. Malinovsky (top-rank bolshevik, minion
of Lenin) and (1908) Yevno Fishlevich Azef, one of
leaders of the socialist- revolutionaries. This affair
served as a pretext for reorganization of the "Great
East of Russia".		 

Sokolov N.D.		 		"Rose" lodge ("Mason Grouping" in IV
State Duma), Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Gegechkori (Gogechkori) Yevgeniy Petrovich (1878 - ?)
Lawyer. Menshevik (Social-Democrat). Deputy of III
State Duma. Premier-Minister of Georgia in 1918- 1921.
Initiated in 1909 as a "Cadet Mason".		"Rose" lodge
("Mason Grouping" in IV State Duma), Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Klyuchevsky Vasiliy Vasiliyevich		An outstanding
Russian historian.		"Polar Star", "Grand Orient of
France" in Russia, "Great East of Russia?s Peoples".

Oldenburg S.F.		Academician.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Grimm David D.		Professor.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Anichkov Yevgeniy Vasiliyevich		Professor of history
of literature. Member of "Cosmos" (?288) Scottish rite
lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris. Initiated as
Master on 30 Jan., 1905. Regular lodge "Polar Star"
the French rite.		"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge
(resumed from 1898) in Paris. (Worshipful Master d-r
Nicole), "Polar Star", "Great Est of France", Great
East of Russia?s Peoples.

Struve Petr Berngardovich (1870 - 1944)		Professor of
Petrogradsky polytechnic institute and of the Higher
women courses named after Bestuzhev. An outstanding
economist. Philosopher. Historian. Journalist. Editor
of journals "Liberation" and "Russian thought".
Theoretician of the "legal" marxism. Member of the
Central Committee of the Cadets Party. In emigration
edited journal "The Ressurection".		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Kaminka A.		Professor.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Gambarov Georgiy S.		Professor. Member of
"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898)
in Paris since May 16,1905. Member of the French rite
lodge "Polar star" in St.-Petersburg.		"Cosmos"(?288)
Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898) in Paris. (
Worshipful Master d-r Nicole). "Polar star". Great
Esat of France. Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Tamamshev Mikhail I.		Professor. Member of
"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from 1898)
in Paris since May 16, 1905. Master from 30 Jan. 1905.
	"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from
1898) in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r Nicole. Great
East of Russia?s Peoples.

Trachevsky Alexander S.		Professor of history. Member
of "Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed from
1898) in Paris since May 16, 1905. Master from 30 Jan.
1905.		"Cosmos"(?288) Scottish rite lodge (resumed
from 1898) in Paris. Worshipful Master d-r Nicole.
Great East of Russia?s Peoples

Kostychev S. P.		Professor.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Taube Mikhail Andreyevich		Baron. Professor. Member of
St.-Petersburg "Peace Society".		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Buryshkin Pavel		Industrialist.		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Lianozov Stepan Grigoryevich (1872 - 1951)
Industrialist. Director or member of boards of
directors of 20 oil producing companies, organizer of
Russian general oil concern (1912), competitor of
Nobel and Rothshield. Emigrated in Paris and in 1920
organized the "Russian Trade and Industrial Alliance"
("Torgprom") united emigrated Russian businessmen
living in the Western Europe.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples.

Rubinstein Yakov L.		Chairman of the "Human Rights
Leagues", friendly to the "Great East of Russia".
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Rubinstein Dmitri L. (Mit"ka)		Banker. In the
contemporary popular press was being characterized as
"Banker of Empress" and a "friend" of Grigoriy
Yefimovich Rasputin. In the "who-is-who-type"
directory book "All Petersburg" the list of all
positions taken by him in finance and production
companies covered 17 lines.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Zhivotovsky Abram		Banker. Kiev sugar magnate.		Great
East of Russia?s Peoples.

Yaroshinsky Karl		Banker.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Putilov Aleksey I.		Famous Russian Industrialist.
Owner of "Putilovsky" plant in St.-Petersburg.		Great
East of Russia?s Peoples.

Sakharov N.N.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Makarov P.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Turzhansky V.K.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Rappoport A.Yu.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Navashin D.S.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kadish M.P.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Meierovich L.S.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Korolenko V.V.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Imkhanitsky M. Ya.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Zabierzinski G.B.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Bernstein O.S.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Bogrov F.K.		(Do not confuse with Bogrov D.G., killer
of Petr Stolypin, secret agent of Kievdepartment of
the political police).		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Avdiev I.V.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Lednitski Alexander Robertovich (1866 - 1934)		Lawyer.
Cadet. Deputy of I State Duma. One of leaders of the
Polish nationalist organization.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples

Kaznacheyev P.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Shatsky B. Ye.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Ratner M.D.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Sliosberg G.B.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Shapiro A.S.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Schaeftel Ya.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Petrovsky N.V.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Ohrnstein B.S.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Pozner S.V.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Lavrentyev A.D.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Niedermiller N. G.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Koennigiesser Ya. I.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Kistiakowski I.A.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kulisher Ye. M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kulisher A.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kazarinov M.G.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Adamov M.K.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Zolotnitsky B.I.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Dubois A.E.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Gues de Calvi K.P.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Gershun B.L.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Brunelli P.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Bramson L.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Berlin L.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Isayev A.A.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Gelovani V.L.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Gurevich V.Ya.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Holm A.K.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Baerenstamm M.V.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Bart B.G.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Grusenberg Oscar O.		Lawyer.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Galperin Alexander		 Lawyer.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples..

Goldovskiy O. B.		Lawyer.		"Polar Star", "Great East
of Russia", Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Gessen Joseph Vladimirovich (1866 - 1943)		Lawyer.
Journalist. Participant of the first lodges in Russia.
One of Cadets leaders. Editor of the "Rech"
("Speech"). Emigrated in 1920.		Participant of the
first lodges in Russia. Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Kornfeld Mikhail		Journalist.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Ksyunin Aleksey		Journalist.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Mirskiy (Mirkin) Boris		Journalist.		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Vorontsov-Dashkov Ivan Illarionovich		Count. In 1905
Caucasian region lieutenant-general.		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Golenishchev-Kutuzov Sergei		Duke.		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Gorchakov Sergei		Duke.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Ignatiev Alexey		Count.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Kochubey Viktor		Duke.		Great East of Russia?s
Peoples.

Lobanov-Rostovsky Andrei		Duke.		Great East of
Russia?s Peoples.

Mordvinov Alexander		Count.		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples.

Repnin Dmitri		Duke.		Great East of Russia?s Peoples.

Bukeikhanov A.V.		Cadet. Member of the Central
Committee of the Cadets Party.		"Rose" lodge ("Mason
Grouping" in IV State Duma).

Krasnov Petr Nikolayvich (1869 - 1947)
Lieutenant-General. Commander of Cossacks troops from
Don region. Emigrated in 1919. An ardent Germanist.
Served in Wehrmacht in WW II. Shot on Lubianka
(headquarters of K.G.B. ) like Nazi criminal. Wrote a
cult book "From the double eagle to the Red Banner".
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples.

Morozov N.A.		"St.-Petersburg"s Dawn"
"St.-Petersburg"s Dawn", Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Tiraspolsky G.L.		First Russian Regular French rite
lodge "Polar star" (in St.-Petersburg, 1906-1909).
"Polar star", Grand Orient of France

Ivanov I.I.		Chief Staff of the Higher Commander of
Russian Empire. Captain.		Grand Orient of France

Ivanov Vyacheslav Ivanovich (1866 - 1949)		An
outstanding poet of the Silver Age of Russian poetry.
Historian. Theoretician of symbolism.		"Literature"
lodge, Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Agadjanian K.S.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Odinets D.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Speransky V.N.				Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Brunst V.E.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Wenzkowski A.I.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Nesselrode A.D.		Mason of the Saratov lodge.		Grand
Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Nikonov A.A.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Chubinsky M.P.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Baumann V.I.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Metalnikov S.I.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Luchitsky I.V.		"Kiev"s Dawn" lodge.		Grand Orient of
France, Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kotlerovsky (Kotlyarevsky, Kotliarovsky) Sergei
Andreyevich (1873 - ?)		Lawyer. Professor of Moscow
University. Cadet. Leader of the Right Wing of Cadets.
Initiated in the "Cosmos" lodge in 1887-1888 by
Yablochkov P.N. Also initiated in the "Mont Sinai"
(?6) Scottish rite lodge on May 8 1905(at once in
three steps).		Scottish rite "Cosmos" lodge (in
1887-1888, Worshipful Master Yablochkov P.N.).
"Mont Sinai" (?6) Scottish rite lodge on May 8 1905.
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Losskiy N.O.		Philosopher.		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Ivanyukov Ivan Ivanovich (1844-1912)		Historian.
Economist. Professor. Member of the French rite lodge
"Polar star" in St.-Petersburg. Member of "Strana"
("The Country") Cadets" daily from 1905. Professor of
Petrovkaya Agricultural Academy.		"Polar star", Grand
Orient of France, Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Bryanchaninov A. P.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s
Peoples

Makarov P.M.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kuzmin Karavayev Vladimir Dmitriyevich (1859 - 1927)
Professor of Military-Justice Academy. Participant of
the first lodges in Russia. Deputy of III State Duma.
Cadet. Emigrated in 1920.		Participant of the first
lodges in Russia. Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Gordeyenko Ya. N.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Beningsen E.P.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Golubkov K.G.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Zhikharev S.S.		Physician. Socialist-Revolutionary.
Member of the French rite lodge "Polar star" in
St.-Petersburg.		"Polar star," Grand Orient of France,
Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Demyanov A.A.		Trudovik (Labourist).		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples

Gamow Ivan		Vice-president of the Masonic "Peace
Society".		Vice-president of the Masonic "Peace
Society", Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Bulat A.A.		Deputy of the State Duma.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples

Kielwein		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Kalmanovich Ye.S.		He helped V. Burtsev to expose
Ye.F. Azef, an informer of the secret political police
in the Central Committee of the
Socialist-Revolutionary Party.		Grand Orient of
Russia’s Peoples

Avyerino N. K.		Worshipful Master of lodge in Saratov.
	Lodge in Saratov, Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

Avyerino S. K.		 		Grand Orient of Russia’s Peoples

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