FUDOSI 1936-1951 – PART 2 OF 2
“FALLEN IS THY THRONE, OH ISRAEL,
SILENCE IS O’ER THY PLAINS,
THY DWELLINGS ALL LIE DESOLATE,
THY CHILDREN WEEP IN CHAINS
WHERE ARE THE DEWS THAT FED THEE,
ON ETHAM’S BARREN SHORE,
THAT FIRE FROM HEAVEN THAT LEAD THEE,
NOW LIGHTS THY PATH NO MORE.”
-ROSE-CROIX CHAPTER ODES-
‘KNIGHTS OF THE SACRED VAULT’
taken from the archives of the
‘Ancient and Ninety-six (96*) Degree
Rite of Memphis’
Calvin C. Burt, 96* c) 1867
- F.U.D.O.S.I., THE FINAL YEARS 1946-1951
the 5th Convention, SAR HIERONYMUS OPENING ADDRESS
July 21-25 (1 ) , 1946 ; THE FIFTH CONVENTION :
The 5th Convention was held at the ‘Francois Soetewey-Temple’ in Brussels, Belgium, the opening taking place on sunday July 21, 1946. Many members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. had died since the last convention of 1939. The convention was held in honour of all the deceased members and dignitaries.
The minutes of the Convention did list the participation of 12 fraternities :
1. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSELLE
2. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE
3. ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN ( O::H::T::&M::)
4. ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE
6. ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL
7. EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE
8. SOCIÉTÉ d’ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES
9. ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX
10. SOCIÉTÉ d’ETUDES MARTINISTES
11. UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE
12. ORDRE DE LA MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA
The ‘ORDRE DU LYS ET DE L’AIGLE’ (Order of the Lily & the Eagle) and the ‘ASSOCIATION ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE’ were both invited to present their successors, but apparently didn’t sent their delegates.
The reason why the “Order of the Lily & the Eagle” did not appear on the convention is known to us. As stated in part 9, it was Chaboseau who was interested in the Eonian Order, more then Dupré was interested in the F.U.D.O.S.I. (Eugene Dupre had also been the Grandmaster of the Martinist Order in Egypt in the beginning of the 20th. century, before he, like most of the french Martinists in Egypt, returned to France after World War I. These Martinists of Egypt founded the “Groupe Indépandant d’Etudes Martinistes”). Dupré was never really interested in a collaboration with the F.U.D.O.S.I. Dupré died in a bombing-raid on June 12, 1944. He received his Nomen Mysticum (Sar Lilium) posthumous on the convention of 1946.
The “SOCIÉTÉ d’ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES” was a Templar-society,
‘ implemented’ within the ranks of the federation by Ralph Maxwell Lewis. The Society fell under the authority of Augustin Cordonnier, a.k.a. Sar Gregorius (P.11). Not much is known about this Templar-society. All we know is that Harvey Spencer Lewis was chartered by the “L’Ordre souverain et militaire du Temple” in 1933. This Order was founded in 1932 in Brussels, Belgium. The Order supposedly was affiliated with the ” Ordre du Temple”, of which Dantinne wrote (in his writings concerning Peladan and the rosicrucians of Toulouse). It is strange that the OSMT was not a member of the F.U.D.O.S.I., regarding Dantinne’s connections to the Templar-organization…..
The “L’Ordre souverain et militaire du Temple” is still active today, and is also known as “L’Ordre souverain et militaire du Temple de Jérusalem” ( OSMTJ ) , or the “Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem” ( SMOTJ ), or the “Ordo Supremus Militaris Templi Hierosolymitani”, with lodges all over the world (among their members are highly placed NATO-officials). Their Grand Lodge is called “Grand Prieure” (Grand Priory).
The 5th convention, which was presented as the 5th.”FUDOSI World Conclave”, took place after seven years of seperation, years “of war and of dire trials”, of cruel persecutions, arrests, questioning by the Gestapo, police-raids and searches, leaving the European initiatic Orders decimated.
But the end of the war would also mark the beginning of a new era, an era of restoration and new-born hope… Especialy for Emile Dantinne the ‘resurrection’ was ‘concretized’ in this Convention, inspired by a spirit of hope and persistence Sar Hieronymus (Dantinne) presented his opening-speech to the assembly gathered together on sunday July 21, 1946.
(taken from “THE F.U.D.O.S.I., VOL.1. NO.1″ publ. by A.M.O.R.C. San José, nov. 1946)
(1)The actual dates given are questionable. One source states that the 6th Convention took place on July 21-25, another source mentions July 21-22 as the actual dates for the 6th Convention.
SAR HIERONYMUS’ OPENING ADRESS
Message of the Imperator
“In opening this Convention which, once more, brings together Representatives of all Initiatique Orders of the world associated with the F.U.D.O.S.I., I want to express my Fraternal greetings and to bid welcome to all the Initiates of all the Orders, and I pray the Almighty to grant His blessings unto this Assembly and to spread on all of us His profound Wisdom and Cosmic Light.
“First of all, I want to associate to this Convention, in the Invisible, those who, since our last Convention, have been called to Eternal Peace by the Sovereign Master of all things.
Sar Ludovicus, F.’. Colonel Fitau, Consul of Chile, Engineer, Grand Master of the Order of Hermes for Chile, Delegate of the F.U.D.O.S.I. and member of the Supreme Council, who died in Brussels at the end of October 1939.
Sar Pascal, F.’. Hutin, F.R.C., formerly Archon of the Foreign Relations of the Order of Hermes, arrested by the Gestapo at Cherbourg (France) , condemned to deportation and conveyed to the Camp of Neuengam where he died in February 1945.
Sar Ignis, F.’. Nico Wolff, general Scribe of Hermes for Belgium, arrested by the enemy on March 5, 1943, condemned to deportation and sent to the Camp of Flossenburg and murdered on April 22, 1945, after suffering incredible tortures.
Sar Appolonius, F.R.C., F.’. Rochat de L’Abbaye, Grand Master of the Rose+Croix Universitaire in France, who died in Paris in August 1944.
Sar Eques Rosae Caritatis, F.’.Georges Lagrèze , Grand Inspector of the F.U.D.O.S.I. who died in Angers (France) in April 1946.(2)
And finally, the Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I., the very Illustrious
F.’. Augustine Chaboseau , Grand Master of the Traditional Martinist Order, who died in Paris, on January 2, 1946.
“Let us collect ourselves, my Brothers, and pray the Lord to open to our departed Brothers the Kingdom of Glory and Light”.
notes : (- stop-)
(2) Georges Lagrèze was chosen by Chaboseau as his successor as Grand Master of the “Traditional Martinist Order”. But Lagrèze already died 3 months after Chaboseau, without appointing his successor. The TMO was left without a Grand Master; the Leadership of the TMO was one of the major items on the agenda of this Convention.
( – cont.-)
“After eight long years the Almighty has granted unto us the privilege of meeting again so as to proceed with the great plan of renovation of Humankind which He has entrusted unto us as a special mission, this great plan for the protection and harmony of spiritual values which is the Divine Plan.
“Eight years ago we were assembled together in the secrecy of this Temple, the world was living in anxiety; and the message which was conveyed to you had been received as an inspiration from on High and announced the imminence of war and practically the complete destruction of Europe.
“As far back as 1934, it was in view of this impending calamity already threatening Humankind that the leaders of our Orders had deemed it absolutely necessary to constitute again a selected body of Initiates, like unto those of ancient times, to combat materialism and selfishness in all their manifestations to save the occidental civilization and to collaborate in the Divine and Universal Work of spiritual restoration.
“The impending peril soon was becoming more definite and it was during the 1939 convention that we brought a message of ominous prophecies, under God’s inspiration.
“The frightful storm that was to rage upon old Europe, and in fact upon the whole world, had been disclosed to us in a flash of Divine light. Soon the tremendous cataclysm was going to burst upon the world. In the Visible, as well as in the Invisible, the violence of the Black Forces, of which Nazism was the most inhuman expression, struck the splendid cities of Europe, threatening to annihilate its living civilizations; those Satanic Forces shook the structure of spiritual values to its very foundations. But in the sacred Orders of the F.U.D.O.S.I. in Europe, and more particularly the Rose+Croix, Hermes and Martinist Order, proceeded with their mission, bringing to a disabled world the hope of a new dawn, and of the possibilities of a spiritual restoration, even in case of the dreaded victory of the Forces of Darkness.
“Following the inscrutable purposes of the Divine Will, which had been communicated unto us in the Invisible, we persevered to meet together and to work, though our Orders had been condemned and laid under an interdict by the occupying authorities, and also though the F.U.D.O.S.I. was considered as the most dangerous of all Orders by the enemy who wrongly regarded it as a Masonic organization. All the Orders and particularly Hermes, carried on their work, holding regular meetings and, under the leadership of our brother Sar Elgrim, all the members went on with their sacred work. New initiations were granted in the utmost secrecy, but with a courageous and remarkable tenaciousness. Seven times Brother Sar Elgrim was in trouble with the Gestapo; they searched through his home; he was arrested several times, released provisionally and then threatened in his very life, in August 1944; he received in time a providential warning and thus was able to escape from his enemies.
“The Imperator himself worked covertly because he felt that he was constantly spied upon and threatened. He organized secret meetings, granted R+C Initiations, received Belgian and French brothers, giving them enlightments upon the great and sacred missions of the Orders, at that time and for the future.
“Sar Agni was then trusted with the secret plans of the Imperator and was the link between the Imperator and the other Brothers. With Fr.’. Lampas he worked for the resistance and both of them had the same heroic behavior; many of the ritualistic meetings were held in his house in Huy.
“All of them, the Imperator and the Brothers, were accomplishing secretly, against strict interdictions, and in spite of wild threats, a great work of spiritual resistance, as dangerous but also as helpful as the civilian Resistance.
“Our Brothers of Belgium, of France, of Poland, have led an heroical, dangerous and underground struggle, without hope of any compensation, without any expectation whatever of thankfulness, honors or wealth, from the world, and they have worked unselfishly for the greater Glory of Christ, preparing the way for the advent of His Kingdom; in this lay their only reward. “Non nobis, non nobis Domine, sed nomini tuo Dei gloriam”. This has always been the motto of the true R+C.
“They even prepared the organizations of a new Order, that of the Knights Templar, whose historical section is represented at this Convention.
“The Imperator of Europe, receiving inspiration from the Invisible, had established a plan of material and moral restoration of the world. He adressed the text of this plan, translated into English, to President Roosevelt; it would have permitted the rehabilitation of europe, in conditions of prosperity and brotherly understanding, but, through the selfishness of certain opposed nations that did not authorize it, it was not taken into consideration.
“The Imperator, Ralph Lewis, or Sar Validivar, during the last month of March, asked us to enter into a union of prayers, and in a wonderful, towering flight, the prayers of two continents rose up to the Almighty God.
“At that time a new war was imperiling the world again, and if the danger has been removed it is through the spiritual intervention of the R+C which has been able to win this sublime grace from the Sovereign Master of all things.
“In fact, war, as yet, is not finished, we are having the same trials, passing through hard experiences just as during the war, and it is perhaps the most difficult period of human history. It is in such hours of darkness, of crisis, that the Divine Intelligence and Will has trusted again his selected ones, His prophets or his magi, the mission of showing the way of salvation to men, and of lighting up again on the Holy Mountain the replendent flame of the Holy Spirit.
“Discord is preying upon the world, blinded by the darkness of hatred and selfishness, and mankind is awaiting the coming of God’s Invisible Messengers, to be reborn into Light.
“It is to accomplish this great work that we want to prepare, with the Imperator for America, a plan of spiritual action for the spreading of Light into the old world.
“This plan includes the protection and diffusion of spiritual and Christian culture which prepares the way for the reconciliation and union of all God’s children.
“The R+C is not a religion which claims to substitute for those of any of its followers, it is a great Brotherhood of Love, and Spiritual Science; it brings to them unknown powers and an increase in the great Light of Christ. In its unfoldment it is free from political contentions and strife, but it offers to the great universality of nations a deep reason of reconciliation. In this feeling of brotherhood and in this spiritual uplifting, in this progressive development lies the principle of its exoteric action.
“If, following a new world war morally as well as materially more destructive than previous one, the threat and decay of downfall would be cast upon the world in view of the materialism and selfishness of too great a number of men, the F.U.D.O.S.I. would remain the supreme recourse and the last hope of moral and spiritual restoration of the Universe.
“This is why we must start at once this work of intensive spreading and diffusion into the world and particularly into the old continent. In this way we cannot but approve of the plan which has been elaborated by our Very Illustrious Brother, Imperator of North and South America, Ralph M.Lewis, for the spreading of the teachings.
“Our duty is dictated to us by the Almighty, and it is because the time for spreading the lost truth upon the world has come that we want to kindle the Light upon the mountains, and like unto the time of ancient Crusades, we start with the sacred cry: “God wants it”!
“Taking up again the words of the Martinist Message, we may repeat this call for the Initiatique Crusade.
“In such an upset period, when the selfishness of individuals, of nations and of races is increasing more and more, at this crucial point in the cycle of civilization, to save humankind from the abyss of barbarism, of brutality and of frightful cruelty to which it is rushing madly, noble and generous souls are greatly needed, that they may be infused with the true wisdom and science, inspired with the spirit of the purest and most Christian Love, capable of facing martyrdom fearlessly and to suffer it for the triumph of the sacred mission to which they have pledged themselves.
“Against the new storm that is preparing itself in the dark horizon of a social world always stressed with demoniacal forces, we must oppose our utmost strenght for the realization of a great Christian and Initiatique Ideal made of Goodness, of Beauty and eternal Science, Wisdom and Justice.
“The spiritual harvest will be wonderful. The Divine Harvester may come later on to appraise our work.
“This is what we must do and we will do it against the whole world, for the Kingdom of the Holy Spirit must prevail on this destitute earth as well as in the highest Heaven.
“Pitfalls and treason will be but a powerful stimulus which will prompt us to do better still so as to show to the world the sublime character and the High teachings of Him who died on the Cross, on the Calvary, and of Whom we must be the valiant, tireless and faithfull apostles.
“And thus it is, before the Divine sign of the Cross and the sacred sign of the Mystical Rose, that we shall start for the spiritual conquest of the world; we shall be the vanguard of the celestial armies which will themselves precede the returning of the living Christ. We shall prepare His Kingdom and we shall be able to say:”O Lord, you may come: Your Kingdom is waiting for you”!
“In the meantime, in the secrecy of our temples , like unto the early Christians in the catacombs, we shall continue our highly mystical and sacred work of illumination, spiritual uplifting and sanctification.
“We carry on this sublime Tradition of the Christian magic, and with the help of the Invisible powers of Light, delving deeper and deeper into the wonderful secrets which we have inherited from the great Masters of Illumination of ancient times who have preceded us on the way of Initiation, of the Sublime Path of Christ, towards the effulgent Light of the Holy Spirit. We shall spread on the world their forgotten teachings, and because the world, yielding to the Forces of Darkness and lost in the abyss of materialism and selfishness, has turned aside from the Holy Scriptures of which it recognizes no more the light and the power, we shall bring to a selected few the invisible strenghts and the transcendent understanding of their Mysteries.
” Before God we pledge ourselves to realize this plan of action and to realize it without delay, for there is urgency and we must hurry. The time of great tribulations announced in the Revelation is that in which we are now living. The Lamb has already opened the first three seals. The day is now close by when we shall stand before the throne of the Lamb in our white robes, and the Angel will mark us on the forehead like unto God’s other servants and because we shall have accomplished on earth the Will of the Father, this ineffable will which he reveals only to saints and to Magi, we shall rule with Christ during the Profound Peace era which St.John’s Revelation promised the world.”
‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’
The opening address of Dantinne describes the world in a state similar as described in St.John’s Revelation, “the Apocalypse”, the final days of menkind…
The whole speech is written as a ‘visionary statement’, coming from an ‘enlightened Christian’. Dantinne makes it very clear, that the time has come to spread the teachings more intensively, referring to the plans of Ralph M. Lewis on the spreading of the teachings. But the long seperation between the Orders of Europe and the leaders of A.M.O.R.C. had widened the gap between the two parties. Especially Lewis’ plans concerning the spreading of the order-teachings (including its advertising-campaigns) would create a strong opposition within the F.U.D.O.S.I. against A.M.O.R.C. …
THE ESSENTIAL AIM OF THE BROTHERHOOD IS TO MAKE EFFECTIVE THE HIDDEN FORCES OF NATURE, TO RELEASE NATURE’S LIGHT, WHICH HAS BECOME DEEPLY BURIED BENEATH THE DROSS FROM THE CURSE, AND THEREBY TO LIGHT WITHIN EVERY BROTHER A TORCH BY WHOSE BRIGHT LIGHT HE WILL BE ABLE BETTER TO PERCEIVE THE INVISIBLE GOD … AND THUS BECOME MORE CLOSELY UNITED WITH THE ORIGINAL SOURCE OF LIGHT”
‘Eingang zur ersten Classe des preiswúrdigsten ORDENS VOM GOLDENEN ROSEN CREUTZE nach der letzten Haupt-und Reformations-Convention, 1788′ – the Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross
THE 5th CONVENTION – JULY 21-25, 1946
The questionable succession of Augustin Chaboseau
PIERRE-AUGUSTIN CHABOSEAU : 1868-1946
As mentioned in part 9, Augustin Chaboseau became both co-Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. as well as Grand Master of the ‘ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL’ (TMO) in 1939.
The other members of the ‘Supreme Council’ at the time ( Counseil Suprême Traditionnel ) were :
Georges de Lagrèze
Jean Chaboseau (Galaad), son of Augustin Chaboseau
Jean Chaboseau was initiated into the TMO in 1932 at the Grandlodge in Paris. When his father, Augustin, died on January 2, 1946 his father was succeeded by Lagrèze (p.10). Lagrèze died shortly after Chaboseau in April of the same year, and Jean Chaboseau succeeded Lagrèze as Grand Master of the TMO. Under normal circumstances he would have been chosen as his father’s successor as co-Imperator of the FUDOSI by the Supreme Council. But the ‘Supreme Council’ decided otherwise …
SAR GREGORIUS A FRAUD ?
The Supreme Counsil decided to choose an ‘interim co-imperator’ to assist and complete the Supreme Triangle on this 6th Convention. The ‘regular powers’ of this high office would be carried on by a “Council of Regency”. One has to understand that the F.U.D.O.S.I. needed time to solve “a few pending questions”. The death of Chaboseau caused some serious internal problems. The F.U.D.O.S.I. didn’t accept Jean Chaboseau as his father’s successor, both as co-Imperator as well as Grandmaster of the T.’.M.’.O.’. (some sources claim that Augustin Chaboseau chose his son as Grand master of the TMO). They kept the seat of the third Imperator in vacancy, and decided to install an “assistant”, an “interim co-Imperator”, for the time being untill the whole issue could be properly solved.
The Grand Coucil appointed Fr. André Cordonnier ( Sar Gregorius ) as ‘Assistant-Imperator’ of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on this Convention.
Emile Dantinne meets Cordonnier in 1931 in his hometown Huy-sur-Meuse in Belgium. André Cordonnier (1891-1960) was sentenced to several years of imprisonment in France. He fled from France in 1920 to the Netherlands. There he changed his identity and became the almoner of the Bourbon family. As stated in part 7 the Bourbon-family were the descendants of Charles Louis Eduard de Bourbon, who was better known as Karl Wilhelm Naundorf and who claimed the throne of France. His followers are known as “Naundorfists”. As stated in part 7 “The “Naundorf-movement” was build around a hypothesis that a certain Karl Wilhelm Naundorf, an adventurer, ‘emerged’ in Berlin in 1810 and claimed to be the son of the French King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette.”
Through Dantinne Cordonnier gets involved in the world of occult and mystical orders. Dantinne, as he states in a personal document (A), was convinced that Cordonnier would become the new king of France (because of his relationship with the Bourbon family) after the second worldwar ! He was also convinced that Cordonnier was a Bishop of the “LIBERAL CATHOLIC CHURCH” (of whom C.W.Leadbetter, member of Blavatsky’s Theosophic Society, was one of it’s founders), as was stated by Jean Mallinger. The idea of Cordonnier being the “new king of France” is, of course, based on pure fantasy (again, see part 7). According to Marcel Roggemans the claim of Mallinger that Cordonnier was a Bishop of the L.B.C. was also made up. Roggemans states that he contacted Maurice Warnon (born 1937) on this matter. Warnon, who is a Bishop of the “Liberal Catholic Church” as well as the presiding Grand Master of the Martinist Order of the Netherlands, certifies that Cordonnier/ Sar Gregorius was never ordained as a Bishop into the “Liberal Catholic Church” !
Anyway, some of the ‘high Iinitiates’ were convinced that Cordonnier was the man he claimed he was. And because of these claims the F.U.D.O.S.I. appointed Cordonnier (Sar Gregorius) as “Member of the Supreme Counsil” and co-Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on the 6th. Convention. The new “Supreme Triangle” was composed of:
Emile Dantinne – SAR HIERONYMUS
Ralph Maxwell Lewis – SAR VALIDIVAR
André Cordonnier – SAR GREGORIUS (Assistant)
In 1952, after the F.U.D.O.S.I. dissolved (’51), Cordonnier returns to France. After staying in Paris for a short time, he became a catholic priest of a small parish at the river “Loire”. After his death in 1960, the French authorities discovered Cordonnier’s true identity …
(A) Personal Document, written by Emile Dantinne, dated : written somewhere between 1939 and 1945. The following text are some extracts from the original document, translated in English (Le Large File)
“It was revealed to us that the destiny of the European rebirth was unmistakable connected to the restoration of the French monarchy, of which the descendants of Louis XVI, named Naundorff, were elected by God.
To fullfill the mission entrusted to us by the Most High, I ask from you all to use all of your forces and all of your influences to restore the throne of France”. And at the end of the document Dantinne states :
” A final revelation designated us, the Knights of Christs, as the
restorers of the spiritual world who’ll bring into realization the great reconcilation of all children of God ………
“A Benedict monk, R.P. Cordonnier, will play a very important and
significant role in the near future as the one and future King of France“.
THE COUNCIL OF REGENCY
One of the main goals of the ’46 convention was the establishment of a supreme Martinist council which would be heading the two main orders ( OM&S and TMO ) and the other participating Martinist Orders ( “SOCIÉTÉ d’ÉTUDES MARTINISTES” and ” UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE”).
After the war one of the very few thriving orders of Europe during the war, the ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE, returned within the ranks of the F.U.D.O.S.I. In part 9 we saw that Victor Blanchard was expelled from the federation and was replaced in all the high offices he held. The reason for his expulsion, as is stated in part 9, was that Blanchard auto-consecrated himself as the universal Grand Master of all the existing R+C- and other initiatic orders of the globe !
One of the main pending questions of this forum at the time is: “Why did Blanchard return to the F.U.D.O.S.I ? The question has not yet been answered …. (maybe both parties had a “mutual” interestest in Blanchard’s return?)
Blanchard reconciled with the F.U.D.O.S.I. but he would never hold any office again (except of course, his Grandmastership of the OM&T), in spite of the fact that Blanchard was one of the promoters, founders and Imperators of the federation before the war.
Because of the fact the F.U.D.O.S.I. did not recognize Jean Chaboseau as Grand Master of the ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL (TRADITIONEL MARTINIST ORDER) the Supreme Council kept the seat of his father, Augustin Chaboseau, vacant. The minutes of the Conclave on July, 22 , which were published by A.M.O.R.C., on this issue :
“The Convention, after hearing the reports of the Delegates, the Messages of the absent Delegates and their reports, after taking opinions and after regular discussions, decided :
1) to keep in vacancy the seat of the third Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. , which was held by the V.’. ILL.’. SAR AUGUSTINUS, Grand Master of the Traditional Martinist Order, until the election of a new Grand Master of this Order. In the meantime all the regular powers of the Grand Mastership will be carried on by a COUNCIL OF REGENCY, composed of :
SAR PURITIA ( France) -Jeanne Guesdon ( A.M.O.R.C.), Secretary
SAR LEUKOS ( America) – President
SAR RENATUS ( Belgium) -Rene Rossart (‘Head’ of the Belgian Martinists), Treasurer
They alone will be qualified to validate or deliver charts or documents for the Order during the vacancy of this post of Grand Master.
Thus is decreed without appeal and confirmed by us, Imperators and Members of the Supreme Council of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in our sittings of this 22nd day of July, 1946. The above constitutes our official declaration” .
In other words, the so-called “COUNCIL OF REGENCY’ formed the head of the Order.The interim-Council was the Federation’s answer to the question “who’ll succeed Augustin Chaboseau ?” , ignoring the fact that Jean Chaboseau was ( as stated by some sources) the legal Grand master of the O:::T:::M::: .
‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’
“THOU FROM THE FIRST WAST PRESENT, AND, WITH MIGHTY WINGS OUTSPREAD, DOVE-LIKE SAT’ST BROODING ON THE VAST ABYSS, AND MAD’ST IT PREGNANT: WHAT IN ME IS DARK ILLUMINE, WHAT IS LOW RAISE AND SUPPORT; THAT, TO THE HEIGHT OF THIS GREAT ARGUMENT, I MAY ASSERT ETERNAL PROVIDENCE, AND JUSTIFY THE WAYS OF GOD TO MEN”
“PARADISE LOST” [Book I, 19-26]
JOHN MILTON, 1608 – 1674
20, Rue de la Sorbonne
PARIS V* August 25, 1945
Mr. Ralph M. Lewis
SAN JOSE, Calif. U.S.
Beloved Brother and Grand Master,
I am very thankful for your communication which was well received. I expect to go to Strasbourg as soon as possible during the month of September and i hope that i then shall be able to send you most interesting documents; it will require some time for the translation from French to English but thanks to our S. Guesdon we shall do our best on this account.
I received all the documents you sent me: diplomas, cards and discourses for the MARTINIST ORDER. We had a meeting of the Supreme Counsil on saturday, August 18, 1945 and we all want to thank and congratulate you for the work you have achieved and we also are thankful to our dear SS:: and F:: of the Supreme Regional Counsil for United States.
Do you think that we could extend our activities to South America and would it be possible to get the addresses of FF:: and SS:: who could organize some Chapters, or would you be willing to organize the work as well for South America as for Canada, where you could have Provincial and Regional Councils under your jurisdiction?
Certainly there must be some FF:: and SS:: in these countries who, after the death of PAPUS, have been deceived by false organizations and do not know the true traditional filietion held by our very Illustrious Brother Augustin CHABOSEAU, our GRAND MASTER.
We must be excused if we do not send some more work but all of our Archives have been either stolen or destroyed by the Gestapo; we are just putting together what some of our devoted Brothers and Sisters have been able to preserve so as to resume our work.
I am sending you herewith a document which might be used as preamble for initiations and also a certificate which, when Peace at last is with us and we resume our work, will serve as a testimonial that your powers and Charts are maintained. When we are again able to get paper, which is very scarce for the present time, we shall make new Charts and official stationery.
My best wishes for Health, Prosperity, and may God bless you and our Brothers and Sisters.
Sincerely and Fraternally,
- signature -
Principal Inspector for the
TRADITIONAL MARTINIST ORDER
a letter from Georges Lagreze (copy, original text dated:August 25, 1945)
THE 6th AND 7th CONVENTION
September 1947, Paris – January 1949 Brussels
Not much is known concerning these two Conventions. The only event worth mentioning was that Jean Chaboseau sended in his resignation on the 6th Convention. Augustin Chaboseau’s son tried to disband the “Suprême Conseil de l’Ordre Martiniste”, but his “motion” (as a ‘ vote of no confidence’ ) did not get the approval from the F.U.D.O.S.I. Because of the disapproval Jean Chaboseau left the “Traditional Martinist Order”, of which he was, during his father’s reign, a member of the Supreme Counsil (together with Lagreze and Beliard). But there’s more to this story :
As stated in the previous chapter one of the main goals of the ’46 Convention was the establisment of a Supreme Martinist Counsil which would be heading the T::M::O:: and the O::M::&S:: , including the two minor Martinist organizations which participated within the F.U.D.O.S.I. But the plans for the unification of the Martinist organizations were not submitted for approval to the relevant Grand Masters. The T.M.O. did not have a Grand Master at the time (because they didn’t recognize Jean Chaboseau as G::M::), and the G::M:: of the O.M.&S, Victor Blanchard, was (evidently) not present at the ’47 Convention !
These two facts explain the attitude of Jean Chaboseau and his attempt to disband the Supreme Counsil. During the convention Ralph Maxwell Lewis took the opportunity to appoint himself as Sovereign Grand Master of the “Ordre Martiniste Tradionnel” (TMO).
The T.M.O. of Lewis can be looked upon (at the least) as doubtful. First of all,
1 The doubtful decision of his appointment as Grand Master , in which Lewis, as co-Imperator, played an ambiguous role, both judge as well as plaintiff .
2 The supposed authorization of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in absence of the Grand Masters, to place the Martinist Orders under its authority.
The only historical facts are that both H.Spencer Lewis and Ralph M. Lewis were fully initiated in the ORDRE MARTINISTE & SYNARCHIQUE. In September 1939 Ralph M. Lewis also received the S::I:: grade and the S::I:: INITIATEUR grade, both from the TMO. Ralph also received a charter as ‘Sovereign Delegate and regional Grand Master of the TMO for the United States’ . The letter from Georges Lagreze (which is printed at the beginning of this Chapter), dated August 25, 1945, concerns the possible expansion of the TMO (still under Grand Master Augustin Chaboseau at the time of writing) in South-America and Canada, possibly under the jurisdiction of the TMO in the United States, headed by Ralph Maxwell Lewis of A.M.O.R.C.
After the F.U.D.O.S.I. disbanded in 1951 (Chapter 13) the T.M.O. extended it’s activity under the authority of A.M.O.R.C.
The events of 1946 and 1947 caused a schism within the ranks of the TMO, officials included (among which at least one Coucil-member) .
Rene Rossart (Sar Renatus), treasurer of the “Council of Regency” (see Chapter 11) of the F.U.D.O.S.I. and Council member, left the TMO. As Head of the Belgian Martinists he founded a Martinist organization under the name of (transl.) “UNIVERSAL MARTINIST ORDER” (“Ordre Martinist Universelle”? ). Rossart passed away in October 1948. Dr. Edouard Bertholet ( Ordre Ancien et Mystique de la Rose+Croix – Switzerland) was his Successor, but was not succesful in the development of the Order either. Bertholet / Sar Alkmaion (who also succeeded Blanchard as G::M:: of the ORDRE MARTINISTE& SYNARCHIQUE in 1953) died in 1965 without having named a successor for the “Universal Martinist Order”.
Due to the Supreme Council’s refusal to confirm Jean Chaboseau as Grand Master of the TMO, several members left the TMO. Some of them joined Jules Boucher, a former high official of the “Ordre Martiniste Traditionnel”. Boucher (Phalgus -1902-1955) founded the “Ordre Martiniste Rectifié”in 1948. This Martinist Order was closely related to the “L’Eglise Gnostique Universelle” (Universal Gnostic Church), which was declared as the “Official Church of the Martinist Order” in 1911 by Bricaud, Papus, and Fugairon. The O::M::R:: had also the intension to reconnect Martinism with Masonry. Jules Boucher was a Mason who published an excellent title on the Symbolism of Freemasonry in 1948, ‘La Symbolique Maçonnique’.The Order was not succesful and it seems that the Order slowly died after its founder’s death in 1955.
During the post-war Conventions several disagreements gradually arose between A.M.O.R.C. and certain members of the “Supreme Counsil”, especially Jean Mallinger, who acted as “Secretary” of the F.U.D.O.S.I. As we’ll see in the following Chapter “Dissolution finally became inevitable …” .
‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘,’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’ ‘.’
“AND I SAW THAT WHEN THE MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY
HAD GATHERED TOGETHER FROM THEIR SEPARATE WANDERINGS UP AND DOWN IN THE WORLD,
THEY CAME INTO THE HOLY PLACE,
AND THE DOOR WAS SHUT BEHIND THEM.
AND THEY PUT OFF EACH ONE HIS ARMOR IN HIS OWN TIME, AND LAID IT BESIDE THE DOOR;
BUT THEIR SWORDS THEY KEPT”.
“VISION OF A FELLOWSHIP” C.G.M.
THE 8th CONVENTION August 1951
The Convention was held in Brussels and was of short duration. Sar Hieronymus (Emile Dantinne) and Sar Validivar (Ralph M. Lewis) strongly disagreed with each other on several main issues i.a. regarding the working-method of the A.M.O.R.C.-organization.
In 1946 the F.U.D.O.S.I. reluctantly approved of the plan which Lewis had been elaborated for the spreading of the A.M.O.R.C.- lessons by way of correspondence (although Dantinne spoke in favour of Lewis’ plan at his “Opening Adress” of the ’46 Convention – Chapter 10) .
The F.U.D.O.S.I. also criticized the advertising- methods of A.M.O.R.C. to bring in new members. The F.U.D.O.S.I.-dignitaries made it very clear that they could not longer accept the advertising-methods which A.M.O.R.C. practised.
Another hot issue was the issue of cremation, which A.M.O.R.C. advised to its members, because cremation was the “traditional funeral-rite of the Rosicrucians” . Emile Dantinne strongly protested against A.M.O.R.C.’s point of view. Dantinne , being a Christian, never spoke in favour of cremation and he denied A.M.O.R.C.’s statement regarding cremation being a traditional rosicrucian custom !
The A.M.O.R.C.-delegation did not want to change their point of view, and when Ralph M. Lewis criticized one of the dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. who had a “problem” with the admission of afro-american members by A.M.O.R.C., the meeting was over . The 8th Convention ended on the August 14, 1951. The dignitary concerned who had a “problem” with “blacks” was Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim).
This was the end of the ” FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE INITIATIONIS”, a.k.a. F.U.D.O.S.I.
An official Document was signed by the three Imperators, Sar Validivar / Ralph Maxwell Lewis, Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne, and Sar Elgrim / Jean Mallinger as third Imperator of the final assembly of the F.U.D.O.S.I.
Federatio Universalis Dirigens Ordines Societatesque Initiationis
PAX HOMINIBUS VOLUNTATIS… SALUTEM NOSTRAM IN LUCE VERITATIS
Cathedra Fratris Magni Cancellarii. Valle Bruxellense (Belgia)
die MCLMLI. Verae Lucis
Numerus: ulitmus. bus
Fratri Carissimbe: omnium Ordinum
DECLARATION. XXXXXXX Initiationis.
Considering that, on August 14th. of 1934, the delegates of various Initiatic Orders and Societies decided to create an Universal Federation of Initiatic Orders and Societies (F.U.D.O.S.I) ; Considering that said Federation had an helpful activity, grouped some isolated Initiatic movements, exposed some impostors of the Initiatic domain and organised the interantional initatic work ; Considering that the Federation granted to each one of its affiliated members complete independence with regard to its administrative and doctrinal work ; Considering that it appeared, in the long run, and particularly at a recent date, that some of the affiliated Orders were teaching different doctrines in the same country(for instance : for, or against cremation); that their conceptions of true Initiation and its secrecy appeared contradictory to, or incompatible with, each other ; that this is impossible to conciliate these conceptions and to avoid doctrinal or historical debate between the Orders ; Considering that, in the higher interest of Initiation, it is not desirable to bring these disagreements before public opinion which is incompetent in such matters or to transform the Federation into a Law-Court of Initiation ; that it is prefereable to admit loyally and in a friendly manner that it is impossible to unify or harmonize opposite teachings, the representative of the Orders who freely created the Federation in Burssels, in 1934, decide to freely dissolve it now ;
FOR THESE REASONS :
It is unanimously decided that ;
1.-The F.U.D.O.S.I. is dissolved on the day, 14th.of August 1951 ;
2.-Each and every one of the affiliated movements will maintain the initiatic autonomy and independence, without being bound in whatsoever manner to the other Orders ;
3.-None of the Orders previously affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I. will be allowed to reconstitute it without a written agreement signed by the Orders founders [?] or may take advantage of it in the future ;
4.-The present declaration will be published by the various Orders in their own publications without any commentary.
Brussels, the 14th.of August 1951.
/Sar Elgim/ with org. and sigil /Sar Hieronymous/ with org. and sigil /Validivar/ with sigil
/RM Lewis/ SI sigil
Another Document concerning the dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. was signed in 1951 by Sar Yesir / Victor Blanchard, Sar Iohannes / Hans Grueter (1), Sar Elgrim / Jean Mallinger, and Sar Kryptos / George Delaive. This Document voices the opinion of the European members. The original document is written in the French language. Some excerpts from the document which i’ve tried to translate :
“The founder of the F.U.D.O.S.I., the Sublime Imperator Sar Hieronymus received many complaints against A.M.O.R.C., which floods the market with their “noisy” publicity-campaigns……
“All our friendly efforts to discuss these issues with the Americans were in vain, they will not modify their “propaganda” and their teachings, not now nor in the future”
At the end of the actual text A.M.O.R.C. is called a “pseudo-Initiatory organization”, for those of you who can read French :
“Considérant que d’autre part, il ne peut être
“question pour les Ordres Traditionnels de couvrir par leur silence les
“activités pseudo-initiatique de l’AMORC,
“d’inviter les 4 frères survivants de la séance de fondation de la
“FUDOSI à Bruxelles le 14.8.1934 à signer conjointement avec lui le décret
“de dissolution de la F.U.D.O.S.I., comme ils en ont le droit en vertu de leur
“qualité de co-fondateurs de la F.U.D.O.S.I..
“Ces frères sont : SAR YÉSIR – Paris
SAR IOHANNES – Locarno
SAR ELGIM – Bruxelles
SAR KRYPTOS – Bruxelles
This Document is a correspondence between Ralph M. Lewis and Fr. Marcel Roggemans (one of my main sources) regarding the dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. from Lewis’ point of view, dated May 12, 1983. Again, some excerpts from the document which i’ve tried to translate (original in French) :
A. M. O. R. C.
The Rosicrucian Order
Known as “The Ancient, Mystical Order Rosae Crucis” throughout the world
Rosicrucian Park San Jose, California 95191, U.S.A.
May 12, 1983
“In response to your letter, dated April 26 , in which you …….With regard to Mr. Jean Mallinger, he caused A.M.O.R.C a lot of trouble with his religious bigotry and his dominating attitude. The various affiliated organizations of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were autonomous organizations, but Mr. Mallinger tried to impose his will to the other members, by requiring that they would conform to his ideas ……. For example, Mr. Mallinger insisted that A.M.O.R.C. would not accept members belonging to the black race, explaining that “the blacks” were lower beings and therefore unworthy of such an affiliation”.
“Mallinger also repeatedly criticised A.M.O.R.C. because we had published a photograph of the document in several languages all over the world, concerning the recognition of A.M.O.R.C. and its Jurisdictions by the F.U.D.O.S.I. Such an accusation is absurd. No secrecy, symbol or ritual, was revealed in this document. I replied to Mallinger that the document in question had been published only with the aim of justifying A.M.O.R.C.’s position, and that if such documents were to be dissimulated, then they did not have any value and therefore should be destroyed”
“You asked me which problems existed between A.M.O.R.C. and the F.U.D.O.S.I. In itself, there was no problem between our organization and the F.U.D.O.S.I. When Mr.Mallinger directed his charges against A.M.O.R.C. , the F.U.D.O.S.I. was already about to dissolve. The document of dissolution is in our files (Doc. 1) . I was present at this occasion and signed this document myself in presence of the other members. The reason of dissolution is indicated in this document which does not mention any criticism against A.M.O.R.C.”
Avec mes meilleurs voeux de paix profonde,
Sincèrement et fraternellement,
Ralph M. Lewis
(1) This document is signed by i.a. Hans Grueter, who was the G.’.M.’. of France of A.M.O.R.C. . ???
THE POST F.U.D.O.S.I.- ERA
WHAT HAPPENED AFTER 1951 ?
“SIMPLE, STUDIOUS GROUPS OF INTELLIGENT MEN AND WOMEN, MAKING NO PRETENSIONS BUT DOING AND LIVING A HIGH STANDARD OF PERSONAL AND COLLECTIVE INTEGRITY, WITHOUT FADS OR FETISHES, AND WITHOUT ELABORATE POLITICAL MACHINERY, ARE THE ONLY GROUPS WORTHY OF EVEN PASSING CONSIDERATION.
THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT SUCH GROUPS EXIST, BUT THEY SELDOM PUBLICIZE THEMSELVES. FUNCTIONING QUIETLY, THEY ARE KNOWN BY THEIR WORKS AND NOT BY THEIR WORDS. TO THE “JOINER”, ONE PASSING THOUGHT: WEIGH ALL THINGS, AND CLING ONLY TO THAT WHICH IS SIMPLE, GOOD, REASONABLE, AND HONEST.”
- MANLY P. HALL, Words to the Wise, page 27-28
THE AFFILIATED ORDERS & SOCIETIES OF THE F.U.D.O.S.I.
Some of the Orders and Societies vanished, some of them merged into other organizations, but most of the affiliated organizations are still existing today.
ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX, one of the lineages still existing today is the lineage which descended from Robert Ambelain. Ambelain was succeeded by Gerard Kloppel, who also headed the “Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim”. In 1998 Kloppel was succeeded by George Claude Vieilledent (as G.’.M.’. of the M.’.M). The “Ambelain-lineage” has also a branch of “Rose-Croix d’Orient”, under G.M. Ronald Cappello in the United States.
A.M.O.R.C. , ‘developed into one of the most succesful Orders existing today.
ORDRE MARTINIST TRADITIONNEL , continued to exist under the auspices of A.M.O.R.C.
ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE, Victor Blanchard died in 1953 and was succeeded by Edouard Bertholet. Bertholet gave a Charter for Great Britain and the Commonwealth. In 1960 the Continental Jurisdictions reunited with the “Ordre Martiniste” of Papus’ son, Gerard Encausse (in which we find also many former members of the T.M.O. who left after Ralph M. Lewis became Grand Master). The O.M.&S. still exists today, under its original name, in countries like Canada, U.S.A., Barbados, and England.
L’EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE, exists today under several names all over the globe.
ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE (“ORDER OF HERMES” or “PYTHAGOREAN ORDER”) – There was a seperation (without the approval of both Dantinne and Mallinger) in the original Order in 1957 which resulted into two different streams:
1) ORDO HERMETIS TRISMEGISTI, which united the followers of Louis Cattiaux (1904-1953). The responsibility for the Order was, until 1999, in the hands of Emmanuel D’Hoogvorst (1940-1999).The Order is the publisher of a magazine, called ‘Fil D’Ariane’.
2) ORDO HERMETIS TETRAMEGISTI. There are at least 5 branches of this Order existing today:
OHTM/ORA O.R.A. (Ordo Rosae Aureae) was founded in 1956 by Martin Erler after he left A.M.O.R.C.in 1954. Erler was Grand Master of AMORC-Germany. He founded the O.R.A. in the area of the city of Munich with a number of interested colleagues, some members of that group were co-members of the “Fraternitas Saturni”. Erler (fr.Albinus) was initiated by Sar Hieronymus in 1957. Erler has also a connection to Gustav Meyrink (see: notes Chapter 8). Erler is still alive today but the responsibility for the whole organization is in the hands of the Belgian Sar Philosophotos, with Lodges in Belgium and France.
OHTM, led by Rene de Louvroy with Lodges in Belgium. de Louvroy is the successor of Jean Mallinger’s Rite of Memphis-Misraim. Mallinger died in 1982. According to Sar Philosophotos Louvroy’s Charter a falsification.
OHTM in Italy, the succession of Gerosa
OHTM , a branch existing in Sweden.
Another branch exists in Great Britain under the auspices of a Pythagorean Order.
The last branch is a Pythagorean Order who has its origin in Greece. The branch was founded under the auspices of the Grand Orient of Greece within a Lodge called “Prometheus”. V.’.M.’. was Nagos, whose successor, Sar Aelios, knew Jean Mallinger. Certain assignments of this branch were given to Triantaphyllos Kotzamanis and Rémi Boyer by kind of permission of Sar Aelios. This branch is known today as “the Order of Hermes and Orpheus”. Boyer was the founder of “Arc-en-ciel”, a federation of Orders and Societies in 1988, and a leading figure in the continuation of “Arc-en-ciel”, “Groupe de Thebes”. Both of these federations will be discussed later.
ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM STRICTE OBSERVANCE and CO-MASONIC ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM. Both Orders were excluded from the F.U.D.O.S.I. after the troubles with Constant Chevillon, but the whole organization of the United Rites of several M.’.M.’.-organizations under Armand Rombauts continued, with Lodges in Belgium (under Constatin Platounoff), France (Lagreze and Grueter), and Argentina (Troilo). Jean Mallinger was also involved within the Belgian M.’.M.’. -movement. M.M.Orders still existing today with a “F.U.D.O.S.I.-Lineage” :”LE RITE EGYPTIEN” – Platounoff. “L’ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MISRAIM”- Probst-Biraben (this Rite recently ceased to exist). “RITO ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM de ARGENTINA (Troilo-Lagreze). Furthermore, there are still Lodges workin’ these rites in the French-speakin’ parts of Belgium.
SOCIETE ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE, this Society was founded by Francois Jollivet-Castelot (1874-1937). The Society did not show up at the 1946 Convention. Jollivet-Castelot’s work was continued in the now famous Alchemy-classes of A.M.O.R.C. Former A.M.O.R.C. members like Jean Dubuis (left A.M.O.R.C. and founded the “Philosophers of Nature”), Fr. Albertus (Albert R.Reidel, died in 1984) and Orval Graves were followers of Jollivet-Castelot.
ORDER OF THE LILY & THE EAGLE. As stated in Chapter 9 it was Augustin Chaboseau who was very interested in this Order. The Order was invited at the ’39 Convention. Eugene Dupre, the Leader of the Order, was not very interested in the F.U.D.O.S.I. The Order didn’t bother to show up at the 1946 Convention. The Order still exists in Greece, France and the U.S.A. (In the USA the Order is headed by Ronald Cappello, G.’.M.’. of the M.M. for the U.S.A, Cappello holds a lineage which descended from Robert Ambelain. The Inner work of the Order is connected to the “Rose-Croix d’Orient”)
SOCIETE d’ETUDES MARTINISTES and the UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE . They were probably “absorbed” by the T.M.O (or the O.M.&S), meaning : One of the main goals of the 1946 Convention was to create 1 Martinist Order which would unite the T.M.O., the O.M.&S. and the 2 minor organizations mentioned. We know that the O.M.&S did not unite with the T.M.O.
ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX, the Order reunited with A.M.O.R.C. in 1937, as A.M.O.R.C.-Switzerland.
The “Polaire Brotherhood” vanished at the beginning of W.W.II, the “Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle” and the “Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire” ceased to exist. Both Orders, including a third interior Order, existed under the name of “Ordo Aureae & Rosae Crucis / OARC “. The “Confrerie des Freres Illumines de la Rose+Croix” was founded by Jollivet-Castelot in 1920. Not much is known about its history. The same story applies to the “Ordre des Samaritains Inconnus”. The “Militia Crucifera Evangelica” became A.M.O.R.C.’s “Inner Order”, and the “Societe d’Etudes et de Recherches Templieres” dissolved after 1951.
Despite the ultimate dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on August 14, 1951, the idea of an international federation of esoteric Orders and Societies continued to exist.
Already in January 1956 several former dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. tried to establish a new federation. The dignitaries concerned were Jean Mallinger, Jean-Henry Probst Biraben, and Ambrogio Gerosa (Gerosa led the O::H::T::M:: in Italy at the time).
Another attempt was even made before the dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. It was an attempt to restart the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. of Constant Chevillon and Reuben Swynburne Clymer. The F.U.D.O.F.S.I. never really developed. After its first meeting in ’39 the Second World War broke out and in 1944 Constant Chevillon was assassinated by the Gestapo of Klaus Barbie, authorized by the Vichy-regime.
As stated in Chapter 7 in 1947 (and once again in ’48) Reuben Swynburne Clymer ( of “Fraternitas Rosae Crucis”) visited Switzerland to meet Hans-Rudolf Hilfiker, heir apparent to Reuss’ O.T.O. Both men were present at the first Convention of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. in Paris, 1939. Clymer and Hilfiker spoke about the foundation of a worldwide federation of R+C Orders, “THE WORLDWIDE ALLIANCE OF ROSICRUCIAN ORDERS”. The federation was partially succesful in South-America, more specifically in Brasil, were Clymer reunited his Order with Krumm-Heller’s “Fraternitas Rosicruciana Antiqua”.
Former A.M.O.R.C. Grand Master of France and “Suprême Légat” for Europe, Raymond Bernard, was involved with a group called “FIMIT”
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EUROPE
The “Arc-en-ciel” (“Rainbow”) was formed on June 3, 1988. Remi Boyer, a former A.M.O.R.C.-member, created a federation of occult and New Age groups including organizations like THE GRANDE LOGE INDÉPENDANTE DES RITES UNIS, THE INSTITUT POUR UNE SYNTHÈSE PLANÈTAIRE, ORDRE CHEVALERESQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX, THE SPIRITUAL UNIVERSITY OF BRAHMA KUMARIS, SRI CHINMOY etc. The federation represented about 30 Orders and Societies. The first meeting took place in the building of the French Grand Oriënt in Paris, on September 24-25, 1988.
“GROUPE DE THÈBES / CERCLE d’ ALEXANDRIE”
Out of the “Arc-en-ciel” came the “Groupe de Thèbes”, founded on June 3, 1990. This federation was ment for a smaller, and presumably higher, group of Initiates. The group was founded around 15 members, made up exclusively of leaders of various Orders and Societies.The “Groupe de Thèbes / Group of Thèbes” also met at the French Grand Oriënt .
According to one source the main goal of this federation was to study the teachings of Sar Mérodack (Péladan), Sar Hieronymus (Dantinne), Or-Zam (Rombauts) and other initiates of the movement around Josephín Peladan and the later initiates of the F.U.D.O.S.I. In reality the federation represented many Orders and Societies coming from all kind of traditional teachings, including organizations without a Rosicrucian/Martinist background.”In the end the ideas are all the same, they show us different paths all leading to the same Royal road “, thus Remi Boyer, “OMNIA AB UNO”. The group did not dedicate itself to “ritual practises”, but to theoretical studies, “such as forming a collection”. Apparently the “Groupe de Thebes” changed its name into “Cercle d’ Alexandrie” (in 1990). Koenig (source) states that it is not entirely clear whether both groups were identical to each other, “although the same members appear in both”.
According to French journalist Serge Faubert (“Le vrai visage des sectes”, c)1993) Boyer was one of the fifteen founding members of the “Group de Thebes”. “The tiny group included quite an interesting variety of individuals”: Apart from Remi Boyer (co-leader of the “ORDER OF HERMES & ORPHEUS”, Grand Master of the French Grand-Lodge of the Martinist Order OMCC etc.)we find such personalities in this group as
Massimo Introvigne , who attended the very first meeting of this lodge on June 3, 1990. Introvigne presents himself as a “sociologist” who leads a “Centre for the Study of New Religions” a.k.a. CESNUR. CESNUR enjoys great credit among academics, journalists and politicians “all over the world”. The organization is seated in Italy, Introvigne’s native country. The History-teacher Massimo Introvigne presents himself also as “one of the greatest experts in the world on new religious movements”. Besides being a teacher and a “sociologist” Introvigne is one of the leaders of the radical right-wing “counter-revolutionary” movement called ‘Alleanza Cattolica’ , the italian “sister”of a Brazilian cult called ‘Tradition, Family and Property’ , a.k.a “TFP”. His opponents state that CESNUR’s “research” is carried out “in such a way as to deliberately promote the policies and ideological goals of CESNUR”. CESNUR is an organization led by a catholic right-wing teacher under the authority of the Vatican. The organization has close relationships with organizations like “Legionnaires du Christ” and, indirectly (TPF) , Opus Dei and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Jean-Pierre Giudicelli , leader of the French section of the “ORDER OF MYRIAM” ( a “Luciferian” Obedience), former Corsican nationalist and right-wing militant (“Ordre Nouveau” and “Troisième Voie”). He was spotted at a gathering in the early days of the “Front National” in Nice in 1986.
Gérard Kloppel , former world Grand Master (until 1998) of the “ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM” and the “ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX”.
Jean-Marie Vergério , co-leader of the “TEMPLARS OF CIRCES”. CIRCES is the organization headed by Raymond Bernard, former G.M. of A.M.O.R.C. in France. According to fr.Roggemans in the end CIRCES decided not to join the federation.
Triantaphyllos Kotzamanis , “chancellor for Greece of a Templar Group”, thus Faubert. I can add to his information that Kotzamanis is one of the leaders of a Pythagorean Order called “ORDER OF HERMES & ORPHEUS” (probably Faubert refers to this group). Furthermore, Kotzamanis is a leading figure of the “ORDRE MARTINISTE DES CHEVALIERS DU CHRIST” a.k.a O.’.M.’.C.’.C.’. ( the American branch is known as the “Martinist Order of the Knights of Christ”), founded in 1971 in Belgium by Armand Toussaint. Toussaint initiated Kotzamanis (‘Nomen Mysticum': Tau and-or Sar Hieronymus ). Kotzamanis founded Martinist Lodges under the name of “Loges de Chevaliers Vert”.
Serge Caillet , member and high dignitary of MEMPHIS-MISRAIM. Caillet is known in the international esoteric community as a “serious” researcher and writer. It was Caillet who found in 1982 in Leon Lelarge’s home a lot of documents belonging to the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the Belgian Rosicrucian and Pythagorean Order of Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne and Sar Elgrim / Jean Mallinger. As stated in an earlier Chapter, without these documents a lot of information in this document could not have been written ! some well-known titles of Caillet: Sar Hieronymus et la F.U.D.O.S.I. 1986, L’Ordre Rénové du Temple – Aux Racines du Temple Solaire Suivi du témoignage de Raymond Bernard 1997, Arcanes & Rituels de la Maçonnerie Egyptienne 1994.
Robert Amadou , a well-known Martinist and priest in the “EGLISÉ SYRIENNE” (SYRIAN CHURCH), and “a frequent guest of the weightier Freemasons of Zürich” (Koenig). Amadou , like Caillett, is a well-known researcher and writer. He lectures at a University in Paris.
Jean-Pascal Ruggiu, Imperator and Praemonstrator of the “Ahathoor-Temple” of the GOLDEN DAWN in Paris (“Rosicrucian Command of Alpha Omega”). The “Ahathoor-Temple” is an ‘associate-temple’ of the “CONFEDERATIO FRATERNITATIS ROSAE CRUCIS / C.’.F.’.R.’.C.’. , also known as the “United Confederation of Independent and Autonomous Temples”. The federation is led by Cris Monnastre, who was initiated by the late Dr. Israel Regardie and founded (under the supervision of Regardie) back in 1982 the “Ordis Khenti Amenti Temple”. The affiliated Orders of the C.F.R.C. are all reconstituted GOLDEN DAWN -Orders : “ORDO ROSAE RUBEAE ET AUREAE CRUCIS” – R.R. et A.C. , “STELLA MATUTINA” , “ORDO ROSAE CRUCIS” , “ALPHA ET OMEGA” – ROSICRUCIAN ORDER OF ALPHA ET OMEGA , The “HOLY ORDER OF THE GOLDEN DAWN”(from A.E.Waite’s offshoot, founded in1900, writer’s note: A.E. Waite’s next order (1914) was named “FELLOWSHIP OF THE (TRUE) ROSY CROSS”) , The “ORDER OF THE SACRED WORD”.
George Mague de Cressac, symphatizer of esoteric-political organizations, such as the Russian based “MILII ANGEL”, led by Alexander Dugin, co-leader of the Russian “Front National”.
Paolo Fogagnolo , Italian revolutionary and Marxist (apparently a member of the notorious “Brigata Rossa”), a radical left-winger who was chartered by Lamparter to found O.T.O.A. (ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS ANTIQUA of Bertiaux)–Lodges in 1985. In 1986 he was initiated by Kotzamanis into the Athens “Chevaliers du Christ”Martinist Lodge, in 1989 he was nominated as a S::I:: by Kotzamanis. Fogagnolo is also the Italian Patriarch of the “Krumm-Heller Church” and a bishop in the “Church of Antioch”. He also became national Italian Grand Master of the “Orient Universel des Rites Traditionnels” through Kotzamanis. Fogagnolo led his own O.T.O.(A)-group, “Agape-Prometeo”, which was involved in the “revolutionary political fight for Spiritual communism”(fr. Roggemans refers to this group as the “Fraternite Rose-Croix Doree et Antique”). In 1991 he severed his links with the “Groupe d’ Alexandrie” , because he considered these gentlemen to be “fascistoid”. (P.R.Koenig; “Paris en Printemps” http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/italy.htm )
Christian Bouchet , One of the most interesting and controversial members of the group. “As a militant atheist, Bouchet prefers to be called by his surname only”. Since the 70’s he has been a militant in the French far-right. Like Giudicelli he was a member of the “Troisieme Voie” which he left in 1991 to found his own militant group, “Nouvelle Resistance”, a.k.a. “NR”. The “NR” maintains a friendly relationship with the Russian National Front. O.T.O.-researcher P.R.Koenig describes Boucher, besides being a man who’s “caught up in the murky world of neo-fascism”, as a French Order-enthusiast and collector. Bouchet calls himself an “ethnologist” and runs three separate magazines: “Lutte du Peuple” (neo-nazi magazine for the general public), “Vouloir” , a cultural publication largely devoted to studies on Nietzsche and Crowley, and “Thelema” , only accessible for “Initiates”. Bouchet is a member of the Californian-based “Caliphate-O.T.O.” . in 1977 this organization selfstyled itself to be the worldwide Grand Lodge of the “official” O.T.O. Regarding Bouchet’s membership, Bill Heidrick, “Treasurer General of ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS”, states in a letter written to Faubert that Bouchet was expelled from the O.T.O. in 1992 without having passed beyond the 1st Degree. Bouchet was a prominent speaker at several CESNUR events;” at the international CESNUR conference at Santa Barbara in 1991, and four times in France in 1992″ (Serge Faubert, “Le vrai visage des sectes”, L’ Evenement du Jeudi, 1993.10.11).
The “Groupe de Thebes / Cercle d’Alexandrie” was formed to unite various organizations under the same roof. Some of the “dignitaries” of the “Cercle d’Alexandrie” are, to put it mildly, quite questionable as members !
It seems that Remi Boyer does not have a problem with Circle-members like Bouchet, Giudicelli, de Cressac, or Fogagnolo. Regarding Giudicelli’s political preferences Boyer answered (transl.):
“I am aware of his ideas and his past, but what connects us is of more significance than what seperates us”, thus Boyer.
The group meets at the Grand Lodge of the Grand Orient in the Rue du Cadet in Paris, France. The relationship with the “Grand Orient de France” (founded in 1773, with (roughly) 800 lodges the G.O.D.F. is the largest Masonic obedience of France) extends in co-operation in the field of historical research.
In the late seventies numerous historical Masonic documents were discovered in the area of the German-Polish border. The documents concerned were the ones that were confiscated by the S.S. “AHNENERBE” of Himmler during the second Worldwar. Remi Boyer and the historian Claude Arroux travelled to Poznan, Poland, were they had permission of the authorities to investigate the documents. Arroux also visited an old castle dating back to the days of King Frederick II of Prussia (the “rosicrucian King”, who reigned from 1740 up to 1786). According to Arroux, he discovered a Temple which used to belong to the “Order of the African Architects” (a.k.a. “African Master Builders”), an esoteric-Masonic Order founded by K.F. Koeppen (1734-1797). The Order studied the Egyptian religion, philosophy, and architecture. The Order also practised Alchemy . According to the “Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica” (in Amsterdam), the famous “Crata Repoa” was the constitution of the organization. The book describes the seven Grades of Egyptian Initiation in the system of Koeppen. The Order influenced the esoteric and Egyptian rites of France, rites which would finally develop into the “Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim”.
The “Groupe de Thebes /”Cercle d’Alexandrie” disbanded around 1993/ 1994. A dispute between Bouchet and Ruggiu led to the dissolution of the circle. Apparently some journalists with a dislike of Freemasonry manipulated Ruggiu , which resulted in a publication in ‘L’Evenement du Jeudi’ . This publication is one of the main sources of this chapter. “The co-operation was continued in a different form”, thus Boyer……
iN 1990 Remi Boyer published a list of participating organizations of the “CERCLE d’ALEXANDRIE” :
ASSOCIATION SHINGON DE FRANCE
BONNE VOLENTE MONDIALE
ASSOCIATION LE SENTIER
VILLAGE DU VERSEAU
CENTRE SRI CHINMOY
COLLEGE SACERDOTAL DE LA ROSE-CROIX
ORDRE CHEVALERESQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX
EGLISE CATHOLIQUE LIBERALE
GRANDE LOGE INDEPENDANTE ET SOUVERAINE DES RITES UNIS
INSTITUTE PHILOSOPHIQUE PYTHAGORICIEN
INSTITUTE FOR PLANETARY SYNTHESIS
WORLD TEACHER TRUST
KAGYU LING COLLEGE MONASTIQUE
DHAGPO KAGYU LING
LA MONTAGNE DE LA CLAIRE LUMIERE
LES PHILOSOPHES DE LA NATURE / LPN
ORDER OF THE STAR ET WHITE LOTUS GROUP
SOCIETE ISOLEMENT SILENCE
SOCIETE MERE MEERA BF
UNIVERSITE DU TEMPS PRESENT
EGLISE ROSICRUCIENNE APOSTOLIQUE GRECQUE
ORDRE MARTINISTE DES PAUVRES CHEVALIERS DU CHRIST
MISSION SWAMI ATMANANDA ‘LA FLEUR D’OR’
ORDRE DES ELUS COHENS
NOVEMBER 2000, Milko Bogaard
(the Netherlands) VERSION 1.2
Le Martinisme – Histoire et doctrine
1946 Editions Niclaus
Historie, traditie en rituelen
1998 Tirion – Baarn – Nederland
La Pensee et le Secrets du Sar Peladan
Sar Hieronymus et la F.U.D.O.S.I. ( internet – engelse bewerking door Sar Asunta )
1986 Cariscript – Paris
L’Oevre et la Pensée de Péladan
1948 Office de Publicité S.C. – Bruxelles
1946 San José, AMORC
Maçonnerie Egyptienne Rose-Croix et Neo-Chevalerie
1989 Editions du Rocher
The Rosicrucians, The History, Mythology and Rituals of an Esoteric Order (Nov.1997)
Les Secrets Hermetiques de la Franc-maconnerie
Une police politique de Vichy : le Service des Sociétés Secrètes
1996 Klincksiek – Paris
A Martinist Treasury
1991 The Martinist Information Service – Greeley, Colorado – U.S.A.
Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde
1996 Claire Vigne – Paris
Geschiedenis der Rozenkruisers
1924 Uitgeverij W.N. Schors – Amsterdam
KOENIG, Peter R.
Der kleine Theodor-Reuss-Reader
The Ordo Templi Orientis Phenomen
Ein leben fuer die Rose ( Arnoldo Krumm-Heller)
CLYMER, Reuben Swynburne.
The Rosicrucian fraternity in America (in 2 Volumes)
The Rose Cross Order
The Book of Rosicruciae
LEWIS, Harvey Spencer
The complete history of the Rosicrucian Order
Audi Alteram Partem
Publ. “The American Rosae Crucis”(1917, 1920), “The Mystic Triangle” (1929)
Geschiedenis van de Occulte en Mystieke Broederschappen
F.U.D.O.S.I. : Original Documents :
correspondences M.Roggemans-Marie-Louise Dantinne
M.Roggemans – Mdm. Mallinger
M.Roggemans – Sar Asunta ( transl. Lelarge-files)
Introduction to the true face of french masonry
Controversy around a Document (“a letter from A.M.O.R.C. France to P.R.Koenig” and extracts from the book “Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde” Vanloo
CESNUR, a critical page (about Massimo Introvigne)
BIBLIOTHECA PHILOSOPHICA HERMETICA, Amsterdam
Rosacruz-las mentiras de los Rosacruz Amorc
Hieronymus, Imperator de la FUDOSI
Fr. ROGER MARECHAL, Liege-Belgium (file; Roggemans)
MARCEL ROGGEMANS, F.R.C. S::I::, innumerous personal correspondences between March and October, 2000+ translations of his website: “History of the Occult & Mystical Brotherhoods”
Robert VANLOO, personal correspondences
Fr. FUDICIUS, FRATRES LUCIS, personal correspondences
Special thanks to Peter R.Koenig for the valuable information on Reuss, Krumm -Heller, Hilfiker-Dunn, Traenker , etc.
Visit his Website : ” THE ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS PHENOMENON” at:
Table of Contents
Addendum 1 Harvey Spencer Lewis’ history of the
O.T.O., excerpt from
‘Audi Alteram Partem’ c)1935
Addendum 2 T.A.W.U.C. , Reuss’handwritten manuscript
Addendum 3 articles from ‘The Mystic Triangle’, publ.
A.M.O.R.C. Sept.1921, and ‘Rosicrucian
Addendum 4 Notes on Chapter 5, Egyptian Masonry:
Addendum 5 F.U.D.O.S.I. Symbol
Addendum 6 Victor Blanchard
Addendum 7 Saint-Yves d’Alveydre and ‘Synarchy’
Addendum 8 a ‘War of the Roses’ in America,
Clymer versus Lewis
Addendum 9 List of affiliated Orders and Counsel-dignitaries
BY ENTRANCE AND BY LEAVING OF THE CHAPTER ASSEMBLY, AND WHEN THE KNIGHTS STAND IN ORDER, DO THE SIGN OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD AND GIVE THE ENTRANCE WORD”GOLGOTHA”.
THE GREAT PASSWORD IS “LOGOS”.THE HOLY WORD IS INRI.
TAKE YOUR PLACE IN THE WEST UNDER THE COMRADES OF THE HIGH AND ILLUSTRIOUS KNIGHTHOOD OF THE ROSY-CROSS! (Speech!)
SUBLIME KNIGHT OF THE EAGLE AND PELICAN AND OF THE ROSY-CROSS OF HEREDOM “18. degree”.
Reuss’ V° The High Chapter of the Knights of the Rosy-Cross
P.R.Koenig “Theodor Reuss – O.T.O. Rituals
Addendum1 refers to part three of the forum :’1934-1951 F.U.D.O.S.I.’ which deals with the relationship between Harvey Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. and Theodor Reuss and Heinrich Traenker of the German O.T.O. and COLLEGIUM PANSOPHICUM. Despite the fact that Lewis and the German ‘Adepts’ did have no interest in each other, after the collaborations between their Orders proved to be a failure, Lewis always respected people like Reuss and the O.T.O in his writings.
In Part 3 i wrote (quote) :
‘Strangely enough, in the thirties Lewis refers to Reuss as an important European relation to A.M.O.R.C. The reference can be found in a book (LIBER D / Whitebook series ) written by Lewis, published in 1935, called ” AUDI ALTERAM PARTEM” (“Hear the other side”)’
An excerpt from the original text written by H.S. Lewis :
( Lewis states under the cover of his ‘ National Membership Defense
Committee’ that :)
” THE COMMITTEE HAS SEEN INDISPUTABLE EVIDENCE (…) TO THE EFFECT THAT THE ORDER OF THE ORIENTAL TEMPLE WAS AFFILIATED WITH THE GENUINE ROSICRUCIAN ORGANIZATION AS FAR BACK AS THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY IN EUROPE AND IN 1895 JOHN YARKER, EMINENT MASONIC HISTORIAN (1) IN LONDON WAS SUPREME MAGUS OF THE O.T.O (??) THEODOR REUSS -(WILSSON)- “PEREGRINUS’- WAS THE ELECTED SUCCESSOR TO YARKER. IT HAS SEEN RECORDS OF A CONVENTION OF THE O.T.O. HELD IN EUROPE IN 1906 AND 1908, AND IT HAS SEEN A COPY OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE O.T.O. PUBLISHED IN AUSTRIA AND GERMANY IN 1907, PROVING THAT THE ORGANIZATION WAS A LARGE ONE BEFORE 1911. IT HAS SEEN EVIDENCE TO PROVE THAT THE CHARTER GRANTED TO H.SPENCER LEWIS IN THE NAME OF THE O.T.O. WAS NOT GRANTED BY CROWLEY(2), BUT BY THE WELLKNOWN EUROPEAN MYSTIC, MAGUS THEODOR
REUSS-WILLSON OF MUNICH, WHOSE LATIN OFFICIAL NAME IS KNOWN ALL OVER EUROPE AS ‘PEREGRINUS’
P.R.Koenig “Robert Vanloo -Controversy around a document”
Exc. From “Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde”, Vanloo 1996
Of course most of the information Lewis gives about the O.T.O.
related to Yarker and the Rosicrucians of the 17th. century is nonsense. The O.T.O. is an Order founded by Reuss and probably Karl Kellner, in the beginning of the 20th.century. As for John Yarker, Reuss bought a warrant from John Yarker for THE ANCIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE of MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM, and also for the CERNEAU-Version of the ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED RITE (N.Y. 1807),
Yarker had not even heard of the O.T.O. simply because the Order did not excist at that time. But the statement i want to make is that Lewis refers to the O.T.O as a respectful, ancient, TRUE Order of the Ancient and Venerable Rosicrucians of Europe ! ( maybe he just needed proof for the ‘authenticity’ of his own Order and used the various charters given by various ‘Adepts’ to support his claims…..these ‘charters were just
The A.M.O.R.C. of the present day has a total different opinion about the O.T.O. ……
t o b e c o n t i n u e d ….
1) One of John Yarker’s most famous works is called ‘ARCANE SCHOOLS’.
For anyone who is interested in this ‘classic’ :
One this page you’ll find a lot of ZIP.FILES of Masonic interest. For
Yarker, open : YARKERAS.ZIP
2) I personally have seen a charter written by Aleister Crowley for H.S. Lewis. It was dated ‘the 14th year of the new aeon’. The ‘new aeon’ refers to Crowley’s “Cairo-workings” in 1904 where he ‘received’ (attunement) the ‘BOOK OF THE LAW’. ‘The 14th year of the new aeon’ is therefore 1918. Of course, AMORC denies the existence of the charter…….
SUMMA SCIENTIA, NIHIL SCIRE. NIHIL SCIRE, OMNIA POSSE.*
As we can read in part 2, which deals with the relationship between Theodor Reuss (O.T.O.) and Harvey Spencer Lewis (A.M.O.R.C.), there were official plans for a forthcoming collaboration between Reuss’ O.T.O. and A.M.O.R.C. in 1921. On the following URL we can find a document of historical value.
It’s a facsimile of Theodor Reuss’ handwritten manuscript for T.A.W.U.C., ‘THE AMORC WORLD UNION COUNCIL’. The Url can be found at : P.R.Koenig “Theodor Reuus’ handwritten Manuscript for TAWUC”
As you can see the document is written in German. Furthermore Reuss’handwriting is not easy to read. After enhancing and sharpening the actual text, i was able to translate about 70% of the actual text :At the top of the page we can read :
T.A.W.U.C. – The European version of the American Rosae Crucis. The official organ of the A.M.O.R.C. World Council. An exponent of the Mystical Rosicrucians.
Muenchen @ San Fransisco October, 1921.
At the left margin we can read i.a. :
a)Manifesto , b) the Origin of the Order, d) Introduction, e) Manuscript-excerpts, c) the text refers probably to certain titles of manuscripts/papers, one of them reads :” The Dead Fisherman “.
At the bottom (left) : Correspondence-Address, Andreas Ullmer/ Muenchen.
Right margin i.a. :
c) Parsifal and The Secret of the Graal Unveiled, The True Secrets of Masonry- by T. Reuss, The Eucharist …..
Apparently the ‘The A.M.O.R.C. WORLD UNION COUNCIL’ ( T.A.W.U.C.) was based upon Reuss’ writings “LINGAM-YONI” (1906) and “PARSIFAL” (1914). For anyone who’s interested in these ‘sexmagical writings’ :
THEODOR REUSS :’PARSIFAL AND THE SECRET OF THE GRAAL UNVEILED’
THEODOR REUSS :’LINGAM-YONI’
“according to the title-page its author used “old and secret documents of an Order” but the book was hardly more than a translation of “PHALLISM: A DESCRIPTION OF THE LINGAM-YONI…. AND OTHER SYMBOLS CONNECTED WITH THE MYSTERIES OF SEXWORSHIP”‘ privately printed at London in 1889.” (source: P.R.Koenig).
Furthermore it’s interesting to know that Lewis at one time was probably interested in these teachings. Phallism is one of the most misunderstood aspects of the Mysteries, especially in our time. The teachings Reuss taught were of a ‘passive nature’.
t o b e c o n t i n u e d ….. source:p.r.koenig
“THE HIGHEST WISDOM IS TO KNOW NOTHING, KNOWING NOTHING MAKES ANYTHING POSSIBLE”
“HAIL UNTO THEE, THOU REVERED SYMBOL OF LIVE, OF LOVE AND OF RESURRECTION ! IN THE CENTRE POINT OF THIS SACRED SIGN APPEARS THE ROSE AS THE SYMBOL OF THE SOUL OF MAN. THOU SHALT HENCEFORTH BE MY SIGN ! HAIL UNTO THEE, O ROSYCROSS !”
This Addendum is a continuation of the Addenda 1 and 2, in which certain documents, writings etc. are published of H.S.Lewis, T.Reuss, and H.Traenker. The writings concern the ‘collaborations’ between Harvey Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. and Theodor Reuss of the O.T.O., and H.S.Lewis and Heinrich Traenker of the PANSOPHIC MOVEMENT.
The following article is written by H.S. Lewis in the 1921 september issue of ‘ THE MYSTIC TRIANGLE’ , the official AMORC- magazine at the time. In the article Lewis announces that he had received during the summer, from the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, a document granting upon him “the highest Masonic Degrees”. “This document also conferred the Imperator with the title of ‘ Most Illustrious Sir Knight and Frater R.C’ and appointed A.M.O.R.C. of America as ‘ gage of amity for the Ordo Templi Orientis of Europe’. However there was no mention by Lewis in the magazine concerning
the person who had signed the charter because it just said that the
document came from a ‘Sovereign Sanctum of Freemasonry abroad’ ” :
(source: Robert Vanloo)
Excerpt from Vanloo’s ““Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde”, 1996 edition
” One other item may interest our members. A large and interesting
document was received during the month of August from a sovereign sanctum of Freemasonry abroad conferring upon our Imperator the highest Masonic degrees such as Honorary 33* and the 90* and 95* Degrees of the Ancient and Primitive Rites of Memphis-Mizraim (under a charter of authority issued by John Yarker, the eminent Masonic authority and historian and Sovereign Grand Master General of England) whereby our Imperator is given the Masonic titles of PRINCE OF MEMPHIS (Egypt), MEMBER OF THE SOVEREIGN TRIBUNAL AND DEFENDER OF THE ORDER; and SOVEREIGN PATRIARCHAL GRAND CONSERVATOR OF THE RITES, SUBLIME PRINCE OF THE MAGI. The honorary 33th Degree carries with it the title of KNIGHT GRAND INSPECTOR GENERAL. The document further makes the Imperator an Honorary member of the Sovereign Sanctuary of Switzerland, Austria and Germany. These Masonic honors are conferred under the charter and authority of grand Orient of Ancient Gaul and the Supreme Sanctuary of Great Britain.Also the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS(ORIENTAL ORDER OF THE TEMPLE, FRATERNITY OF THE HERMETIC LIGHT), has conferred its high degrees upon our Imperator with the title of Most Illustrious Sir Knight and Fratre R.C., appointing our Supreme Lodge in this country as Gage of Amity for the Ordo Templi Orientis of Europe “
(source: the Mystic Triangle, sept. 29, 1921 , publ; A.M.O.R.C.)
The actual titles do not appear on the Charter issued by Reuss, they are derived from titles of certain Grades of the MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM RITE. The titles don’t give any authority whatsoever ! They are just titles of certain Masonic degrees which Lewis certainly never actually worked. The M:.M:.Rite was incorporated, like so many other Orders and Rites, in the constitution of the O.T.O, and as we all know the charter Lewis received was an Honorary Charter which did not confer any authorization concerning the O.T.O. What could be the reason for Lewis’ claims of titles, his claims of a Council of the Universe of which he spoke, of which he was a high officer etc.
Another article during his collaborations with Heinrich Traenker of
PANSOPHIA, published in THE ROSICRUCIAN DIGEST of September 1930. – the article concerns a most uncredible story of a bloodtransfusion from one of the descendants of the ‘original Christian Rosenkreuz’. Of course the following article is linked with Traenker (Traenker as ‘a Rosicrucian Grand Master’) but is Lewis’ pure invention. As stated in part 3, Traenker and Lewis collaborated in the “PANSOPHIA INTERNATIONAL ROSICRUCIAN COUNCIL”, which turned out to be a disillusion for both Traenker and Lewis. The final result of the partnership was the publication in november 1930 under the heading ‘ INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE ANCIENT MYSTICAL ORDER ROSAE CRUCIS, BERLIN’ of an ‘OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION TO ALL HUMANITY’ otherwise known as ‘ SECOND OFFICIAL FAMA’, said to be issued through the ‘ UNITED ORGANIZATIONS OF THE ROSE CROSS : A.M.O.R.C., BROTHERHOOD OF THE ROSE CROSS, FRATERNITAS HERMETICA LUCIS, ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, COLLEGIUM PANSOPHIA, SOCIETAS PANSOPHIA’.
” The recent convention of Rosicrucians at San Jose during the month of July became of greater importance than we anticipated through the fact that it actually became an International Convention. Among the highlights of important matters that were settled by the Convention are the following : First, the presentation of documents and records showing that A.M.O.R.C. throughout the world is one solid, universal organization without any divisions other than geographical ones. The most important of the documents in this regard was one sent here for this Convention by the Imperator and Supreme Council of the Order in Germany (read: TRAENKER). The Rosicrucian Order there, known as the ROZEN KREUZER, has an unbroken existence for many centuries, for it has adhered to the ancient principles of the Order whereby each Supreme Grand Master is succeeded by one of his sons or a brother of his blood. In some countries where such succession has been made impossible because the Grand Masters had no offspring or relatives, the lineal descent through blood relationship has been maintained by the transfusion of blood from the body of the existing Grand master to the new and succeeding officer before the transition of the former. In every case where an Imperator has been appointed for a new jurisdiction, after a period of inactivity where there were no direct descendants in the interval, the new Imperator was always selected from
among those persons who were the nearest relatives to the last Grand Master. Such selected persons journeyed abroad and in a high council meeting, and in the presence of the other Masters, was acclaimed as the nearest in direct link, and later the blood of the highest Master in direct line was transfused into his body to give him the actual blood relationship to the direct line. Thus in all of the active jurisdictions today, the highest officer has received through transfusion the blood of C.R-C and is a DIRECT SUCCESSOR TO THIS EMINENT CHARACTER WHOSE ORIGINAL IDENTITY IS SO CAREFULLY CONCEALED. The C.R-C. of Germany, who became so well known in the 17th century, was one of these descendants of the original C.R-C., and it may be of interest to our members to know that our Imperator here in North America has also RECEIVED THE TRANSFUSION OF DIRECT BLOOD because of his actual relationship, indirectly, TO RELATIVES OF THE ORIGINAL ROSENKREUZERS of ancient times. The German document sent here was only signed and sealed by the head of the organization in Germany, but countersigned and sealed by the highest officers of the German Government and is an indisputable document, and finally countersigned and sealed by the American Consul General in Berlin”.
By representing these published articles, claims etc. we’ll get a better picture of the intentions of H.S. Lewis. I’m personally convinced that the sole purpose of all his international collaborations, communications etc. was to lend credibility to his own organization, A.M.O.R.C.
From the early days on, Lewis was being forced into producing tangible proofs of filiation and authenticity by his ‘followers’. Finally the F.U.D.O.S.I. would lend A.M.O.R.C. it’s credibility………
“WHEN ADAM WAS FIRST PRESENTED TO THE HIERARCHS BY GOD, SATAN, WHO WAS AT THAT TIME THE GREATEST OF THE SERAPHIM AND REGENT OF HEAVEN, REFUSED TO BOW BEFORE THE NEW CREATION.’HOW CAN A SON OF FIRE BOW TO A SON OF CLAY ?’ HE RESPONDED.”
Addendum 4 refers to part 6 of the forum “F.U.D.O.S.I. 1934-1951″. This Addendum is build around the references in part 6, marked 1 up to 6.
‘THE ANTIENT RITE OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM’. For information upon this Rite, which playes an important role within the 19th. and 20th century esoteric movement, l’ll refer (for the time being) to the following internet-sides.
All i’ll say for now is, that the Rite is build around the ‘Scottish Rite’, the ‘Memphis Rite’ and the ‘Misraim Rite’ which are derived themselves from Old, Hermetic-Masonic Rites from the 18th century such as :
‘THE RITE OF ELECTED COHENS’ , 1721
‘THE RITE OF HEREDOM or PERFECTION‘, 1743
‘THE INITIATED BROTHERS OF ASIA’, 1780
‘THE ELECTED COHENS’, 1734, in Marseilles, Toulouse and Bordeaux, France.
‘ACADEMY OF TRUE MASONS’ , Avignon 1760
‘EMPIRE OF THE EAST AND WEST’ , 1753, later rectified as the ‘ANTIENT AND
ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE‘ in 33 degrees.
‘ORDER OF AFRICAN ARCHITECTS’, 1767
‘CLERKS OF RELAXED OBSERVANCE’, 1767, founded by Baron Von Hund, a Rite
which produced the ‘HIGH OBSERVANCE’, devoted to Hermetic Magic, Alchemy etc.
‘PHILOSOPHICAL SCOTCH RITE’ , 1776
‘RITE OF PHILALETHES’, 1773, founded by Court de Gebelin
‘RITE OF CAGLIOSTRO’, 1779
‘PRIMITIVE RITE OF PHILADELPHES OF NARBONNE’, 1779.To this Rite the M:.M:.
refers for the origin of its principles and form of organization.
For further information upon the MEMPHIS-MISRAIM RITE, MEMPHIS-RITE, and the
ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MASONRY’ see :
a side created and maintained by the Rite in England under the Auspices of
the International Sanctuary, including a short biography of John Yarker.
issued under the authority of the international Sovereign Sanctuary of the
ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM, the international
a sketch of the history of the Rite in France, America and Great Britain,with Charters & other documents from the archives of the Sovereign Sanctuary, Supreme power of THE REGULAR MASONIC RITE OF MEMPHIS.
a brief introduction and summary of the history of the Rite of Memphis.
note: side 1 & 2 are websites of the ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF
Side 3 and 4 are websites maintained by the RITE OF MEMPHIS in the U.S.A.
On side 3 one can also find the history of THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF
MASONRY, a system worked by John Yarker of 33 Degrees (instead of the
original 90 degrees). EXCELLENT SIDE !
What is of interest to the forum is the function of the M:.M:. Rite within the esoteric movement at the beginning of the twentieth century. The Rite has always been criticized, the rituals were too pompous without any real value, the lectures with many historical inaccuracies (which is true, but
these inaccuracies can be found within a lot of masonic Rites), even described as being a total sham. And yet good and sincere masons have associated with it. Concerning it’s value i’ll quote the words of the famous historian/Mason and “Rosicrucian” Arthur Edward Waite (1857-1942): “The degrees of the Rite are curious as such, while a few of them are not unimportant, in spite of egregious titles of dignity and of ridiculous claims”.
Many prominent and leading personalities of the esoteric community at the time, were also involved with the Rite. Gerard Anaclet Encausse (Papus,1865-1916), for instance, one of the co-founders of the original MARTINIST ORDER, was Great Hierophant of the M:.M:. from 1913 on until he died in 1916.
One of the basic pillars of the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, founded by Theodor Reuss at the beginning of the 20th. century, were the charters he’d received (bought) from JohnYarker of the Swedenborgh Rite, the Antient and Primitive Scottish Rite, and the Memphis-Misraim Rite.
Many O.T.O. members consider themselves to be Freemasons. The 3th degree (Master magician) is in the O.T.O system compatible to the MASTER MASON degree of general freemasonry (Blue Lodge).
It is known that the THEOSOPHIC SOCIETY of H.P. Blavatsky had an ‘Inner Order’ for “practical work”, called the ‘Esoteric Section’ (or Esoteric School). The Leading members, who resided within the E.S., were also members of the M:.M:.Rite. It was a co-membership!
When one aspired to be a member of the inner circle of the Theosophical Society, one automatically had to become a member of the M:.M:.Rite…..
Rudolf Steiner, for instance, became the Grand Master of the Rite in Germany while being a member of the Theosophical Society (He left the Rite in 1914).
Finally, within the Belgian Lodges of Rombauts and Mallinger the Rite was used to recruit members for the Initiatic orders of Emile Dantinne, the O::H::T::M::, Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle (the Universal Order of the Rose+Cross), Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire (Order of the Rose+Cross University). In 1934 the Belgian branch rectified and reconstituted the Rite and it’s degrees as we’ve seen in part 5. But what is not mentioned is that the motives of some of the leading members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were not of an esoteric nature. In part 6 of the forum i’ll discuss the political reasons for the reconstitution of the Rite. This side of the F.U.D.O.S.I. is not often discussed…….
Francois Wittemans was a Belgian historian/ FRC/Freemason who wrote a book on the rosicrucian movement called ‘a New & Authentic History of the Rosicrucians’ at the time.
It’s considered a good book by some, on the traditional R+C history as well as on its modern aspects.” A curiousity is the section about Imperator Lewis legendaric demonstration where he transmitted Zinc into Gold. The book has been severly criticized because it contains an unaccuracy on Crowley. All in all this book is providing many rare informations” (source : Melchior , a Rosicrucian Page)
“Also please note that Fr Wittemans, the author of the History of the Rosicrucians was guided and influenced by HS Lewis. Fr Wittemans was a member of the Theosophical Society
HSL kept insisting he point out that AMORC was the real Rosicrucian Order and that other groups were false. Fr Wittemans kept asking for payment to be able to keep writing and was initially negotiating with Macoy – the Masonic publishers. They kept writing back to him questioning his assertions re AMORC.
Rather disingeniously , HSL then claimed that even Fr Wittemans supported AMORC’s position as the real RC Order, when it was HSL who had influenced the sincere and trusting Br Wittemans to make the original assertion”.
(source: Elias Ibrahim- Martinist E-Group)
According to the F.U.D.O.S.I. the source of the ‘Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Mizraim’ had to be a Rosicrucian source. Their ‘philosophy’ was simple. According to their Traditional History the Source of Rosicrucianism was Ancient Egypt. According to the traditional History of the M:.M:. Rite the source of the two Rites was …. Ancient Egypt. One has to remember that the traditional source of the Memphis Rite is not the same source as the origin of the Misraim Rite. Both Rites existed next to each other before 1880. The Memphis-Rite mentions Ormuz as it’s founder, while the Misraim-Rite mentions Menes as it’s founder. Despite this information the following explanation of the name Memphis-Misraim was given at the time:
“Memphis was the capital city of Ancient Egypt during the reign of the the first king of Egypt, Menes, in 5600 b.c. Mizraim is a hebrew word that means ” the Egyptians”.
“Memphis-Mizraim” therefore signifies ‘THE EGYPTIANS OF THE CITY OF MEMPHIS”.
This kind of historical claims and research is typical of the esoteric
Orders and societies, and especially A.M.O.R.C.(again, writer’s opinion)
Constant Chevillon stated in the document that Lewis was initiated by Reuss in Germany in 1921.
This was not true. Lewis was never ‘initiated’ by Reuss. He received a charter from the O.T.O. as a ‘Honorary member’ , a gage of amity. Lewis received the 7th degree (‘O.T.O. VII° Grand Councillor of the Mystical Templars’). For further details, see Part II of this forum (Reuss , Lewis & T.A.W.U.C.)
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) was an italian Patriot. He was born in Nice, France. He fought for the unification of Italy. In 1870 He fought with the French Army. In 1864 he was the Grand Master of the Italian Grand Lodge of Freemasonry. In 1880, under his authority, the Memphis Rite and the Misraim-Rite were united in the “ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM”. Garibaldi was the first international Grand Master of the Rite, Ad Vitam.
‘ EVERY NEW CYCLE IS BORN IN HAVOC AND PAIN ‘
… … … CONVERSELY, NATURAL SYMBOLS PERSIST, SINCE THEY ARE ROOTED IN SOME PHENOMENON OF NATURE WHICH MEN OF EACH CENTURY PERCEIVE MORE OR LESS ALIKE. THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SYMBOL MAY ALTER; NAMELY, THERE MAY COME ABOUT AN ELABORATION OF THE IDEAS IT REPRESENTS, BUT IT WILL CONTINUE TO BE RELATED TO THE ORIGINAL CONCEPTION HAD BY MAN.
Sar Validivar (1), Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. – “The Eternal Symbol” publ. 1946
THE EMBLEM OF THE F.U.D.O.S.I.
Dr. JEAN MALLINGER, F.R.C.
Grand Chancellor of the F.U.D.O.S.I.
“It is our much regretted Imperator, Dr.H.Spencer Lewis (Sar Alden), who created and drew the Universal symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I.
He presented it to the members of the Congress in 1934 and, owing to its profound significance, its uncommon and original combination, it was unanimously adopted.
It represents the MYSTICAL EGG which, in Egypt, of old, involved all the Mysteries.
In its center are 2 bipolar magnets, representing the 2 hemispheres united in one same spiritual brotherhood. Initiation is indeed Universal and all men of good will are entitled to it, whatever be their birth country.
An unfinished TRIANGLE and an incomplete SQUARE are coupled together in its center, because all traditional initiations, far from combatting each other, are complementary, one to the other, so as to give a unique light to the Neophyte.
The HOLY CROSS in the center represents the CHRISTIAN current of Initiation, whereas the SQUARE symbolizes the HELLENIC Initiation and the TRIANGLE the MARTINIST Initiation. This symbol archives the miracle of realizing the spiritual Unity.
During the Convention held in Paris in 1937, our Brother, Sar Iohannes (2), showed to the astonished members of the Congress that, by placing the symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on the revolving disc of a phonograph and giving it an increasing speed, there came a moment when a new esoteric symbol appeared which, by itself, involved and vivified all other symbols: the true SWASTIKA of the Hindu Initiation …”
(1) ‘Sar Validivar’ was the “Nomen Mysticum” of Ralph Maxwell Lewis, son of Harvey Spencer Lewis. Ralph M. Lewis became the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. in 1939, after his father died on August 2 of that same year. In September of 1939 he was also installed as Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. As stated in part 5 the F.U.D.O.S.I. was headed officially by a Triumvirat of three Imperators.
(2) ‘Sar Iohannes’ was the “Nomen Mysticum” of Dr.Hans Grueter, Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C. for France at the time. He was a dentist from Nice. Grueter was also a Freemason (33*), member of the ‘Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim'(97*) and member of B’nai B’rith. At one time he was a member of the ‘Supreme Conseil de la Grande Loge de France’ and chairman of the ‘Philosophie Ecossaise Internationale’. An intrigueing question is how Grueter could accept the statements made by Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne, in which he condemned the Jewish people as a race (see part 7). Hans Grueter is stated to be a member of the B’NAI B’RITH, founded in 1843 as a para-masonic Order, strictly reserved for Jews. The Constitution of the B’NAI B’RITH firmly states that one of the main reasons the Order was founded, was to unite all Jews in a fraternal brotherhood and to protect their people against any form of anti-semiticiscm. So how could Dr.Grueter accept the views of some of the F.U.D.O.S.I. members concerning the Jewish race, Grueter being a Jew himself ?
Update, Oct.28, 2000 :
The documents concerned were found in the private collection (Lelarge-files) of Emile Dantinne. They were not published at the time of the existance of the Federation. Even Martin Erler (OHTM/ORA) , Dantinne’s “successor” was not aware of the existence of these documents. Erler inherited most of the personal files belonging to Dantinne. When Marcel Roggemans confronted Erler with the controversial documents, Erler was shocked and told Roggemans he never knew or heard of the existance of the documents with its anti-Jewish statements. Therefore it is reasonable to presume that the other dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were not aware of Dantinne’s views at the time. At the end of Chapter 9 the text refers to a possible explanation for the existance of the controversial documents (Lucien Sabah “Une police politique de Vichy: le Service des Sociétés Secrètes” ).
” … THE CIRCLE OF WHITE LIGHT, BEING THE REVELATION OF THE NATURE OF THE SELF. THE FISH IS FREED FROM ITS SPATIAL-TEMPORAL BONDS, AND THE HEART IS NOW VOID FROM PASSION.
THE CIRCLE OF LIGHT IS THE WHITE STONE, THE IMMORTAL FOETUS IN TAOISM, THE SEED INDESTRUCTABLE, THE WING RECOVERED. VITALITY RECOVERED, THE ELIXER PREPARED, THE LIGHT SOARS UP TO THE ORIGINAL CAVITY OF THE SPIRIT AND MANIFESTS BRIGHTLY BETWEEN THE EYES. THIS IS THE LEAP INTO THE VOID, THE RE-ABSORPTION INTO THE ONE … “
VICTOR BLANCHARD (1878-1953)
Addendum 6 is dedicated to Victor Blanchard, a leading character within the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the Martinist-movement, as well as several other occult societies. Blanchard was Gerard Encausse’s (Papus) secretary, with whom he organized the Spiritualist Congress in Paris in 1908. Victor Blanchard was, between the two World Wars the Sovereign Grand Master of ‘THE MARTINIST ORDER AND SYNARCHIE’, under the initiatic name (nomen mysticum) of Paul Yesir. He was a disciple of Saint-Yves d’Alveydre (1842-1909, ‘developed the
philosophy of ‘SYNARCHY’, a ‘ vision’ of a world-leadership based on spiritual & social foundations). He was head of the general secretariat for the Members of Parliament of France. According to Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), “his knowledge of magnetism, and the sacred literature of Egypt were remarkable”.
As already mentioned above, Victor Blanchard was Papus’secretary within ‘THE MARTINIST ORDER’, founded by Papus and Chaboseau in 1891. When Papus died in 1916, he was succeeded by Charles Détré (also known as ‘Téder’). Téder constructed in 1913 the standard rituals of ‘the Martinist Order’. According to ‘Sar Anael’ of the ‘ORDEN MARTINISTA’ from Spain, Téder used the written ritual of Francois-Charles Barlet (member of the original ‘SUPRÈME CONSEIL de L’ORDRE MARTINISTE and successor of Stanislas de Guaita, one of the founders of the ‘ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX’). Téder’s leadership was short-lived, just two years after the death of Papus Téder died in 1918.
Blanchard also acted as Téder’s deputy. Who would succeed Téder as the next Grand Master? Some sources are convinced that Victor Blanchard was appointed to be the successor of Téder. History tells us that Jean Bricaud became the successor of Téder as Grand Master of the Martinist Order. Fact is that “in the absence of well established rules regarding the nomination or succession of a Grand Master, it is impossible to say wether Bricaud or Blanchard was the legitimate Grand Master”.
BLANCHARD vs. BRICAUD
The following passage is written by Robert Ambelain and can be found in “Le Martinisme” on page 150. It clearly undermines Jean Bricaud’s Legitimacy of transmission from Téder.
“Regarding Bricaud’s alleged rights to Grand Mastership of the Martinist Order there are also several witnesses i can remember. One of the witnesses is still living here in Paris (note- this was in 1946). Brother Nicholas Choumitsky (from whom Ambelain received the Russian Martinist filiation), of an old Russian Martinist family…pupil and disciple of Charles Barlet, has told me:
‘I returned to France in 1919. Téder had died. I asked Chacornac Snr, who was therefore the Grand Master of the Martinist Order, and he answered:”It is Blanchard”. I therefore made contact with Blanchard. A meeting was organized between Bricaud and Blanchard. It took place in a café. Blanchard arrived with some members of his Supreme Council. Bricaud arrived alone,
bringing with him a document, framed in glass, which claimed that Téder had nominated him as his successor. Blanchard became violently angry, and after examination of the document, the unanimous opinion was that it was not authentic. Bricaud left the impression on those attending of being superficial and lacking any depth. I then turned to Charles Barlet and asked
him who was the true successor of Téder. He smiled and said that Martinism was “a circle whose circumference was everywhere and the center nowhere”. He intended by this that it did not have a Grand Master. Afterwards Madame Detre (Téder’s wife) told me that her husband could not have designated a successor since he wasn’t at all intending to die! According to her he died following a magical ritual’.
The document mentioned, still existing in the Archives of the Martinist Order, mainly advises the dignitaries of the ‘Ordre Martiniste’of Téder’s death.It is signed “Jean Bricaud 33 90 95, President of the Suprème Counsil and Grand Master General of the Order”. Bricaud referred to himself as Grand Master, without consulting the dignitaries of the Order. “And since Téder had not nominated anyone, as can be seen, the result was a little too immediate…The Grand Counsils of Italy, Spain, and of Great Britain, cut off their relations with the Suprème Counsil of Lyon. A great number of French Martinists joined Blanchard and his ‘Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique’, others remained isolated and rejoined Augustin Chaboseau’s (Founder of the Martinist Order, together with Papus) Traditional Martinist Order, 12 years later.”
Another important fact, which would influence the developments within the Martinist Order, was the “connection” between the Martinist Order and Freemasonry, propagated by Téder.
The story already began in 1908 at the Congress in Paris, organized by Papus. Papus and Téder looked at the possibilities to connect the Martinist Order with the High degrees of French Freemasonry. It seems that in 1914 Papus and Téder came to an agreement with Dr. de Ribeaucourt, Grand Master of the RITE ECOSSAIS RECTIFICÉ (the Scottish Rectified Rite 1*),to create a Martinist Grand Chapter which would act as a bridge between the Martinist Order and Scottish Freemasonry. Unfortunately for this project, the first World War, the death of Papus in 1916, and a change in the Grand Mastership of the R.E.R. brought an end to this project. But Téder started to work upon this concept, in which he overlooked all the possibilities for a possible union between the Order and Masonry. The outcome was the birth of the ‘ORDRE MARTINISTE-MARTINÉZISTE de LYON’ in 1916. One of the consequences was that women were excluded from the Order, because Masonry did not accept women.
After the death of Téder in 1918, Jean Bricaud decreed that the Martinist Order would only admit Masons of the 3rd Degree, also known within Craft Masonry as ‘Master Masons’. Many original Members did not approve of this “Masonizing” of the Order, and many, as we’ve already seen, refused to recognize the new regime with it’s restrictions on certain classes of Members ( particularly on the Sisters of the Martinist Order, who were excluded from Masonry). “Among the brothers who desired to preserve the original character of the Order was Victor Blanchard”. He founded, with some old members of the first Supreme Council, his own Martinist Order on the 3rd of January, 1921. This Order would later become known as the ‘ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE’. The Martinist Order of Bricaud tented to pace itself in the tradition of the ELUS COHEN of Pasqually and Willermoz, reserving entry to the Order to men who also had to be ‘Master Masons’, thereby continuing the attempts by Téder to link Martinism with Freemasonry.
Blanchard remained a practitioner of esoteric syncretism as practised by Papus, and in a similar manner allowed women to join and did not require the Masonic qualification. Victor Blanchard linked himself with the ideas of Saint-Yves d’Alveydre, and therefore added to the name of the Order the epithet “SYNARCHY”.”No doubt, that by working at the secretariat of the Members of Parliament, he aspired to influence the course of political events by his occult activities, and by disseminating the ideals of Synarchie”.
BLANCHARD and the Occult Orders
“Victor Blanchard was also a Mason in the Grand Oriënt of France where he was a member of the “Grand College of Rites”. Blanchard was also a dignitary in a number of other occult orders:
*1908 L’EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE – Blanchard was initiated by
Jean Bricaud on May 15, 1918, under the name of TAU TARGELIUS
*1888 L’ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX – Blanchard succeeded
Lucien Chamuel, who died in 1936, as Grand Master (until 1939, when he was succeeded by Chaboseau).
*1914 L’ORDRE DU LYS ET DU L’AIGLE – Order of the Lily and the Eagle(who in their higher degrees convey the initiation of the ROSE-CROIX of the ORIENT), of which Blanchard was a member and where he was Commander from 1918 on.
*1908 FRATERNITÉ DES POLAIRES – The Polaire Brotherhood, of which
Blanchard was President from 1933 on.
*1927 ORDRE HERMETISTE TÉTRAMÉGISTE ET MYSTIQUE / ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN
- The Pythagorean Order in which,”thanks to the links created by the F.U.D.O.S.I.”, he obtained the 4th. and last degree “SUBLIME LUMINOUS CONSISTORY”
“He (Blanchard) was one of the most enthusiastic founders of the
F.U.D.O.S.I.(FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE
INITIATIONIS), which allowed him to continue the international action he commenced with Papus in June 1908, and conferred a new legitimacy with regard to Chevillon, who as Bricaud’s successor he did not acknowledge. He was one of the three Imperators appointed in 1934 with special jurisdiction over Martinism and the countries of the East (Sar Hieronymus being Imperator for Europe, and Sar Alden being Imperator for the U.S.A.), Augustin Chaboseau replaced him as Imperator in 1939″.
Blanchard, as a Grand Master of the Martinist Order, was chairman of the Martinist Convention, held on the 9th until the 16th. of August 1934 in Brussels (the FUDOSI-convention was divided into several conventions …see part 5 “the first Convention”). At this special convention he initiated Emille Dantinne, Spencer Lewis and several other dignitaries of the FUDOSI into Martinism. Blanchard’s Martinist Order was officially baptized “ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE”.
Just prior to the Convention of August 1934 Blanchard visited Brussels to meet Armand Rombauts, who was initiated into the original Martinist Order of Papus. After the first World War Rombauts became the official delegate for the Martinist Order in Belgium. He also received the 90th degree of “The Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraïm” from Jean Bricaud in 1918 (more information on Rombauts, see Part 6). The meeting in May, 1934 of Blanchard and Rombauts resulted in the foundation of a Martinist Lodge in Belgium, called “URIËL”. The installation of Lodge “Uriël” was the first official meeting between two of the leading characters, which would play a decisive role in the foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in August of that same year. One has to keep in mind, that Armand Rombauts was ‘the man behind the scene’ within the F.U.D.O.S.I., because of his leading qualities and years of experiences within various esoteric fraternities. He was probably even more involved with the preliminary work of the Federation then Emille Dantinne.
Regarding the installation of the Martinist Lodge Rombauts wrote the following text in a magazine called “ADONHIRAM”, which was published by Jean Mallinger:
“Un nouveau triangle martiniste sera installé à l’Oriënt de Bruxelles le vendredi 11 mai prochain à 20 h 30, sous le titre distinctif ‘Uriël “(a new Martinist Triangle was installed …..)
In 1939 the dream was over for Blanchard, he was expelled from the
F.U.D.O.S.I. according to Jean Mallinger (disciple and close friend of Dantinne, FUDOSI-dignitary).
The reason cited is that”on July 14, 1938 Blanchard auto-consecrated himself as the Universal Grand Master of the Rose-Croix and of all the Initiatic Orders of the world. He sent a proclamation to each Grand Master of the federation, which requested allegiance and recognition of his new dignity.
As a result some members also left the ‘Martinist Order and
Synarchy'(amongst them George Lagréze/Sar Mikael and Jeanne Guesdon/Sar Puritia). Many of them joined Augustin Chaboseau’s ‘Traditional Martinist Order’. He was also replaced in all other high offices he held. Only the ‘Polaires’and the ‘Martinist Order and Synarchy’remained loyal to him.”
However… after World War II Blanchard reconciled with the FUDOSI in 1946, on the 5th Convent of the federation, held in Brussels at the “Francois Soetewey-Temple”.Victor Blanchard died on the 14th of March, 1953 … ….
OPENING ADRESS TO THE MASONIC AND SPIRITUALIST CONGRESS IN 1908
‘Victor Blanchard was the Secretary-General of the masonic and Spiritualist Congress in 1908, organized by Papus. In Blanchard’s opening adress he referred to it as “the first autonomous Congress of Occultism” and expressed in conclusion the hope of seeing all the French Masonic Rites coming to reïnforce “the Army of Christian Idealism”. Here’s a passage which exemplifies his thought at the time’
* “The doctrine which now excites your curiosity so much is not new,
whatever the critics of the history of philosophy may say.
* If we refer to purely historical documents, it is in the most famous
Sanctuaries of India and Egypt – inheritors of the traditional Wisdom of the
black races, Atlantis and Lemuria, that OCCULT SCIENCE was born.
* From there esotericism spread to China, Iran, Chaldea, Palestine,
Greece, Rome, the Gallic countries, Germany and all over the face of the
* Let us not forget that this philosophy, at once human and divine
powerfully inspired all of the founders of the great ancient religions,
among them Ram or Lam, Confucius, Krishna, Zoroaster, MOSES, and Buddha. It
is from it that that the celebrated legislators of passed ages drew their
wisest institutions. It is from this sublime source, that the majority of
poets, philosophers and sages of antiquity and of modern times drew the best
part of their great and brilliant ideas. One rediscovers it hidden beneath
the literal text of all the Holy Scriptures of the East and West, in the
parables of Jesus, right up to the Epistles of St Paul. It was held by
certain fathers of the Church, the Gnostics, Troubadours, Trouveres,
Alchemists, heads of medieval guilds, and the intellectual elite of the
Templars, who having escaped torture and bloodshed, transmitted it later
through the intermediaries of the Rose-Croix, Freemasons, and Martinists.
* HERMETICISM is the scientific, philosophic, religious and social
synthesis of the past, present and will be, without doubt, that of the
* The theologian, philosopher, the savant, doctor, moralist or
sociologist should make the effort to study occultism where alone they will
find together with the best solutions to theological, cosmological,
anthropological and sociological enigmas, as well as the elements which will
revivify their current knowledge, and how to regenerate the human body and
soul and of the whole of society.
* The historian, author and artist will also profit from these
slightly abstract studies. The first will discover the explanation of many
obscure and troubling facts; the second will easily penetrate the higher
sense of apparently absurd ancient myths and eastern fables, and will be
better able to decipher the mysteries of the human soul. The third will be
able to contemplate without tiring, the different forms which reveal the
Supreme Beauty in this world as in the other planes of the manifested
Universe, and consequently will be able to give them more adequate physical
expression than those which have been produced before.
* As for those who are tormented by the deeply anguishing problem of
life after death, they will be soon understand through exposure to our
doctrines, we hope, the rational certitude through experience of the
immortality of their conscious and spiritual principle, they will understand
that Divinity wants the best for all its creatures, and that the Heaven,
Purgatory and Hell of the naïve theologians are nothing more than the
physical and moral situations in which our soul finds itself throughout the
course of its eternal career . They will know that Reincarnation, taught in
the ancient mystery schools, just as it was in the original Christian
Church, and in modern initiations is one of the multiple means employed by
the Sovereign Bounty (or Supreme Good), in order to hasten the animical,
intellectual and spiritual evolution of each one of us. They will see that
man works out unceasingly through the conditions, which must preside over
successive lives in time and space. They will recognize that human beings
are all united to each other not only in actions, but also in words and
above all in thought. It is by these means that they will prepare
consciously the Coming on Earth of the True Fraternity and of the Reign of
the Holy Spirit, or of Science allied to Faith, of Reason united to
Intuition, a lasting and celestial fusion which the Feast of Pentecost
symbolizes so well.”
website “Ancient Martinist Order-auth. Elias Ibrahim
( Note: The Feast of Pentecost, in 1908, fell on 7th June, the opening day of the Congress.)
1* The R.E.R. was known until 1772 as the RITE OF STRICT OBSERVANCE
( see Part 8 “Camille Savoir”)
“IN THIRTY-TWO MYSTERIOUS PATHS OF WISDOM DID JAH, THE JEHOVAH OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, THE LIVING ELOHIM, THE KING OF AGES, THE MERCIFUL AND GRACIOUS GOD, THE EXALTED ONE, THE DWELLER IN ETERNITY, MOST HIGH AND HOLY—ENGRAVE HIS NAME BY THE THREE SEPHARIM – NUMBERS, LETTERS, AND SOUNDS”
SEPHER YETZIRAH – Chapter 1 .’. Section 1
Saint-Yves d’Alveydre 1842-1909
Marquis Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre was a follower of the school of Jean-Philipe Dutoit-Membrini (a.k.a Keleph-ben-Natha, 1721-1793) and Fabre d’Olivet (1762-1825). Saint-Yves d’ Alveydre, together with contemparies like Eliphas Levi, Maitre Philippe (Philippe Nizier), and Fabre d’Olivet, belonged to the most influental spiritual teachers of France at the time, the 19th. century. Gerard Encausse (Papus) saw Saint-Yves d’Alveydre as his intellectual teacher (Maitre Phillipe was Papus’ spiritual teacher). Saint-Yves may be looked upon as a 19th century profound thinker, philosopher and mystic. He corresponded with all the well-known occultists of his time. In the year 1885 he was visited by a group of Eastern initiates, one of them named prince Hardjij Scharipf. Their mission was to inform Saint-Yves on ‘AGARTTHA’, a spiritual and political organization. Their visit lead to his last publication, titled “Mission de L’Inde en Europe, mission de L’Europe en Asie. La question des Mahatmas et sa solution”. This book was dedicated to :” Au souverain Pontife qui porte la tiare aux sept couronnes au Brahatmah actuel de l’antique Paradésa du Cycle de l’Agneau et du Bélier.” The book would never be published, because Saint-Yves changed his mind (he considered the actual content of the work too precious to share it with a profane society) and tore it to pieces (one copy survived, and was published in a limited edition in 1909). Saint-Yves d’Alveydre developed during his lifetime the principle of ‘SYNARCHY’. ‘Synarchy’ would influence the political view of a lot of the leading occultists of the first half of the 20th. century, especially in continental Europe. For instance, the F.U.D.O.S.I. implemented the philosophy of Synarchy into their basic philosophy.
Saint-Yves’ ideas for the concept of “Synarchy” were probably inspired on earlier works like Tomasso Campanella’s ‘CIVITAS SOLIS’ (CITY OF THE SUN), which was published in the beginning of the 17th. Century (1623). Writings like ‘CIVITAS SOLIS’ were based upon an Utopian worldview (other writings in this genre: THOMAS MOORE “UTOPIA” 1516, JOHANN VALENTIN ANDREA “CRISTIANOPOLIS” 1619, FRANCIS BACON “NOVA ATLANTIS”,1627)
The basic idea of this concept is a world which is lead by one institute which is based on spiritual- and social fundaments.
Synarchy is a ” FORM OF GOVERNMENT BASED ON ‘PRINCIPLES’, in contrast with ‘Anarchy’. In ‘Synarchy’ a social entity is lead by an Authority. The Authority controls RELIGION, ARMY, and EDUCATION.
The foundation of the philosophy consists of three elements:
The Authority belongs to ‘the Wise’, according to this philosophy. In a ‘Synarchic(al) Society’ social life has a hierarchical structure. Society is lead by three departments which are not based on politics but on social values.
Culture, Art, and Science belongs to the fundamental element “Education”.
Court, Police, the Army and Foreign Affairs belongs to the element “Law”.
the Unions, the Government, and the working class belongs to the third element “Economy”.
The highest ambition of the philosophy of Synarchy was a society without classes. Furthermore, in a Synarchic society the responsibility of the politicians would be in the hands of the “Wise”, the “specialists”.
As stated before, Synarchy would play a major role in the philosophical view on society of allmost all of the mystics of the first half of the 20th. century. The view on society of the Martinist-Order was centred around the philosophy of Synarchy. As we know, there was even a Synarchic-Martinist Order founded in 1921 (1) by Victor Blanchard, the “ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE”, which still exists today in Great Britain (incl. the W.-Indies, “O.M.& S.Universel”) and Canada (the French branch merged in 1960 with the “ORDRE MARTINIST DE PARIS” of Philippe Encausse, son of Papus). The O.M.&S. of today looks upon ‘Synarchy’ as a heritage from the past, it’s not implemented any longer in their teachings.
Men like Papus, Philippe Nizier, Victor Blanchard, Emille Dantinne and many others in the esoteric community were all followers of the “Synarchic-Movement “.
Rudolf Steiner used Synarchy as a major influence when he developed his own ideas for his own movement, the “ANTROPOSOFISCHE GESELLSCHAFT ” (out of which came the philosophy which is known today as “Antroposophy”).
The Synarchic-Movement was also represented among the nobility at the court of the Russian Tsar, where Martinism was introduced by Papus at the end of the 19th.century. As we saw in part 9, the Synarchic-Movement was persecuted during Worl War II by the Nazi’s, and many members were either killed (Constant Chevillon) or imprisoned in a concentration-camp.
After the Second World War the Synarchic-Movement declined, it’s heydays were over…
Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre died in Versailles on Februari 5, 1909 and was buried at the graveyard of Notre-dame.
some of the works he wrote :
“Mission actuelle des ouvriers” 1882
“Mission actuelle des souverains, par l’un deux 1882
“Mission des juifs” 1884
“La France vraie” 1887
“Mission de l’Inde” (posthumous)
(1) The O.M.&S. was founded in 1921 by Victor Blanchard, but the actual name “Ordre Martiniste & Synarchique” was given to the Order in 1934, when the F.U.D.O.S.I. was formed.
“FOR WHAT WE DO PRESAGE IS NOT IN GROSSE, FOR WE BE BRETHREN OF THE ROSIE CROSS : WE HAVE THE MASON’S WORD AND SECOND SIGHT, THINGS FOR TO COME WE CAN FORTELL ARIGHT”
1638- Henry Adamson
a ‘War of the Roses’ in America,
H.S. Lewis versus R.Swinburne Clymer
introduction – Dantinne’s Decree
One of the items (not discussed in part 9) on the agenda of the 4th Convention of the F.U.D.O.S.I. , held on September 4 – 10, 1939 in Brussels, was the 1st meeting of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. in February 1939. One of the leading characters of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was Reuben Swinburne Clymer (part 7 – 8), arch-rival of Harvey Spencer Lewis. The founding of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. lead to a renewal of scurrilous attacks on Lewis from Clymer. On August 13, a Decree was written (original in the French language) by Emille Dantinne, as the Imperator of the Rose Croix of Europe, which was given to James R. Whitcomb (personal representative of R.M.Lewis) to transmit to Lewis as Imperator of A.M.O.R.C.
The document reads in part :
source : Rosicrucian Questions & Answers ….. H.S.Lewis, publ. AMORC c)1941
“It is inevitable that the AMORC, the only Organization in the Western world perpetuating the teachings of the R+C that have been transmitted by written or spoken word by the R+C instructors, become the target of evil forces working through isolated individuals or organizations, who would attempt to put obstacles in its way and to curtail its progress.
“Therefore, in due Assembly in Brussels, Belgium, on this 13th day of the month of August, in the year 1939, we, members regularly elected of the Supreme Counsil of the F.U.D.O.S.I., after due examination of the elements of appreciation in the case that has been submitted to us, do proclaim that Reuben Swinburne Clymer, who does profess to perpetuate the true and ancient Rosicrucian teachings in America and who assails the character of the Hierarchy of AMORC, and who seeks to stalemate its progress, is in no wise recognized by us having any Rosicrucian authority.
“We do also proclaim that the so-called “International Confederation of Rosicrucians” which R. Swinburne Clymer purports to exist in Europe, and with which he claims to be associated and deriving certain articles of authority, is in no wise recognized by the R+C Orders of Europe that are affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I. In our opinion, the above mentioned Confederation, is a clandestine organization that is illegitimate in its function, and does not give any initiatique guaranty.”
attacks against A.M.O.R.C. – Clymer versus Lewis
As already stated in part 8 (“F.U.D.O.F.S.I.- Biographies”) “Clymer devoted much efforts and work to slander and attack A.M.O.R.C. and it’s founder.”
The slander against A.M.O.R.C. started around the time when Lewis’ organization moved to San José, California (1927) and began to flourish on a larger scale. Whatever one thinks of Lewis, he was a man of undoubted creative gifts who succeeded in building up the most conspicuous and succesful of the American Rosicrucian organizations.
The expansion of A.M.O.R.C. including its claim of being the only true and genuine Rosicrucian Order on the American continent created the (understandable) opposition against Lewis’ organization.
Already in 1921, after receiving a honorary diploma from Reuss’ O.T.O. , Lewis speaks of A.M.O.R.C. as the one and only true R+C organization of America, far superior to any other concurrent R+C organization in America, such as:Heindel’s Rosicrucian Fellowship, Plummer’s Societas Rosicruciana in America or Clymer’s Fraternitas Rosae Crucis.
“By all this it will be seen that the A.M.O.R.C. is the only organization, body ,society or group of Rosicrucians in America ( or in the world, for that matter ) having the approval, recognition and direction of the Supreme High Council of all ancient and modern Secret Rites” source: Robert Vanloo
P.R.Koenig “Robert Vanloo – “
Thus Lewis, who wrote this conclusion in 1921, deriving his authority from a charter he received from Reuss ! (Lewis always liked to refer in his statements on his R+C authority to a “Supreme High Council” of, as in this case “all ancient and modern rites“).
Lewis found himself under attack from a number of quarters, including several ex-members of A.M.O.R.C. (G.L.Smith (1), A.H.Saunders), but the most persistent opponent was Clymer who started to question Lewis’ “rosicrucian authority” around 1928. Both rivals went to great trouble to try and prove their authority. Years of continuous slander followed with statements which rarely rose above the level of mud-slinging.
Christopher McIntosh in his book “The Rosicrucians …” on the Lewis-Clymer hostilities :
“Finally, AMORC felt impelled to counterattack in the form of a pamphlet issued in 1935 under the heading Audi Alteram Partem (hear the other side), this takes the form of a report by a “National Membership Defense Commitee” which had apparently examined the accusations brought by Clymer and found them to be false. Clymer himself is described in the report as a German or Dutch printer who discovered years ago that it was more profitable to spend all of his time at the type case than in farming … especially when it enables him to foster and glorify some of the weirdest notions that a human mind ever harboured“. The description mentions Clymer’s “fondness for titles, for self-appointed and self-devised positions of eminent authority”.
Clymer retaliated by saying that Lewis’own claim to the designation of “Dr.” was suspect.(2). This counterblast of Clymer’s came in the vast second volume of his book, “The Rosicrucian Fraternity in America“. The 959 pages of this volume are devoted almost exclusively to attacking Lewis and AMORC. Like many of Clymer’s writings, the work has to be approached with skepticism.”, thus McIntosh.
One of the focuspoints in their mutual attacks on each other had to do with sex magic, each side accused the other of teaching sexual practises. Clymer admitted that his order did teach ‘the high law of generation and regeneration’, which, he emphasized, is a healthy form of sex teaching, contrary to the, what Clymer called, “Black magic of Crowley and the modernized O.T.O.” A.M.O.R.C. replied that the real O.T.O. had nothing to do with Black magic, emphasizing that the real O.T.O. was Reuss’O.T.O., and had nothing to do with Crowley and his teachings (which is not entirely true, see P.R. Koenig’s website at
One of the few points which both A.M.O.R.C. and the F.R.C. agreed upon, seems to be that Crowley was a Black magician. Clymer always refered to Crowley’s ‘notorious Black-Magic Sex formula‘, “Love is the Law, Love under Will“.
Despite the fact that A.M.O.R.C. shared Clymer’s view on Crowley, did not prevend them to use a formula similar to Crowley’s formula ( A.M.O.R.C. Temple-lectures, 11th.Grade ) .
A.M.O.R.C. on Clymer, in “History of the Order”, from “R+C Questions & Answers”
Harvey Spencer Lewis on page 152/153 , vol.1 1965
“It would be expected that Dr.Clymer’s representations and maladroitly presented “Teachings” and attacks on other movements would eventually attract the attention of the Supreme Council of the Rosicrucian Order of the world and the dignitaries of the Rose Croix of Europe. One of the first to voice a protest was the eminent F. Wittemans, avocat- at the time , a member of the Belgian Senate- and renowned European historian of the Rosicrucian Order, his works on the Order being published in several languages. In a letter addressed to the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. of North America, dated December 16, 1928, and referring to Dr. Clymer’s writings, he said :
“I criticize very much such writings, which should not be issued by an occultist and prove by their self their hollowness. I will thus not mention them in my work”….
(note: description of the connection between Lewis and Wittemans : see Chapter 4 “…on Wittemans, note 3)
The whole case culminated in several court trials, which Clymer Lost, but the trials did not discourage Clymer in continueing the attacks on Lewis’organization.
At the end of Audi Alteram Partem Lewis published the following open letter to Clymer:
“Dear Mr. Clymer,
As you have openly declared yourself desirous of presenting to all interested parties the evidence you claim to have, which would disprove all AMORC claims, we are again, and for the last time, going to test the sincerity of your vaunted statements by challenging you to an open public debate and presentation of evidence”
( source: McIntosh ) Lewis went on to offer to “pay for the rental of any hall you select in any city of one hundred thousand or more, in the mid-western states … and pay for your transportation to the city.”
The debate would never take place. Clymer refused, and demanded in turn that Lewis submit to investigation all the documents he possessed, which Lewis, of course, understandably refused to do…
and the war went on ….. the war of the roses in America …
1)From the courtcase against G.L. Smith a letter, which Lewis introduced to the court as an example of the validity of A.M.O.R.C.’s international character, is published on the website :
“EARLY DANISH O.T.O.HISTORY”. Apparently Lewis tried to withdraw the letter when he realized the writing would become a public record. Lewis attempt failed, but he later refused to produce the letter for transcription. Again, under pressure from the court he finally handed the original letter over to the translator(s)concerned. The letter is a communication between Carl William Hansen, a.k.a. Ben Kadosh, and Harvey Spencer Lewis, dated Copenhagen June 21, 1931. Kadosh was, amongst others, Grand Master of the Danish Martinists incl. the Kabbalistic Order of the Rose+Cross, and X* (Nat. Grandmaster)of Reuss’O.T.O. for Denmark.
Kadosh explains to Lewis in his letter that “he’s no longer interested in ‘big’ Orders and Societies, nor fascinated by their seals, charters, and more. True Rosicrucianism cannot be found in major Orders …” etc. At the end of the letter he states his opinion about A.M.O.R.C. to which Kadosh refers as an “American business in esoteric school-systems”. For more information, take a look at the website …
2) Both Clymer and Lewis claimed the title of “Doctor”. The truth is that both were never really graduated by any reputable medical college. Clymer was classified as a “Physio-Medicist”. Clymer was a graduate of the “Independent Medical College” in Chicago (1898). This college was finally declared a fraud by the federal authorities and put out of business.
In 1933 Harvey Spencer Lewis received a degree titled “Doctor in Psychological and Hermetic Sciences” of the Université de la Rose+Croix from Emile Dantinne, together with the ‘sanctified title’Sar.
Lewis always claimed that he’d received a ‘Doctorate in Psychology’ from a “French Rosicrucian School” of which he was made a member in 1904 (at the age of 20!!).
Of course this claim is a fraud. The only document Lewis received was, again, a honorary degree, which was given to him as a gage of amity by Dantinne. A copy of this document can be found at the Library of Lyon, in France. The document is dated March, 12 1933, and is signed by Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), Emile Dantinne, Lucien Francois (the Archivist), and Sar Sapiens.
Affiliated Organizations & Memberlist Dignitaries (i.a. Supreme Council)
The following organizations were affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I.
1. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSELLE (Sar Hieronymus)
2. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE (Sar Hieronymus, Sar Elgrim)
3. ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Yesir representing Lucien Mauchel)
4. CONFRERIE DES FRERES ILLUMINES DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Amertis)
5. A.M.O.R.C. U.S.A. (Sar Alden, Sar Emmanuel, Sar Iohannes)
6. MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA (Sar Alden)
7. ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX AMORC-Switzerland (Sar Amertis representing sar Alkmaion)
8. SOCIETE ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE (Sar Amertis)
9. ORDRE DES SAMARITAINS INCONNUS (Sar Amertis)
10. ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE or ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN (Sar Succus, Sar Helios)
11. ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE (Sar Yesir)
12. FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES (Sar Yesir)
13. ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM STRICTE OBSERVANCE (Sar Iohannes, Sar Ludovicus)
14. CO-MASONIC ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM (Sar Laya, Sar Fulgur)
15. L’EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE (Tau Targelius=Victor Blanchard)
16. SOCIÉTÉ d’ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES (Sar Gregorius)
17. SOCIÉTÉ d’ETUDES MARTINISTES (founded by Sar Lilium)
18. UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE (Dr. Tarlo Mazinski )
19. ORDRE MARTINIST TRADITIONNEL (Sar Augustinus)
20. ORDER OF THE LILY & THE EAGLE (Sar Lilium)
Here’s a list of dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I., some of them only known (to me) by their “Nomen Mysticum”.
1. SAR HIERONYMUS, Emile Dantinne – Belgium. Imperator .
2. SAR ELGRIM, Jean Mallinger – Belgium. Secretary (Imperator of the ’51 Convention*)
3. SAR ALDEN, Harvey Spencer Lewis – U.S.A. Imperator 1934-1939(+)
4. SAR VALIDIVAR, Ralph Maxwell Lewis – U.S.A. Imperator 1939-1951
5. SAR IOHANNES, Hans Grueter – France
6. SAR PURITIA, Jeanne Guesdon – France
7. SAR EMMANUEL, Many Cihlar – Austria
8. SAR YESIR, Victor Blanchard – France. Imperator 1934-1939
9. SAR ARTEMIS, August Reichel – Switzerland. Left in 1935, he later joined Chevillon and Clymer’s F.U.D.O.F.S.I. (together with Raoul Fructus, member of the “Sovereign Coucil” of the M.’.M.’. on the ’34 Convention, Fructus died in ’45 as a victim of the Nazi-occupation)
10. SAR ALKMAION, Edouard Bertholet – Switzerland
11. OR-ZAM PHANAR, Armand Rombauts – Belgium
12. SAR SUCCUS, Francois Soetewey – Belgium
13. SAR HELIOS
14. SAR LUDOVICUS, Colonel Fitau, Consul of Chile, ‘died in 1939
15. SAR LAYA
16. SAR FULGUR, Maurice De Seck – Austria
17. SAR GREGORIUS, André Cordonnier – France. Assistant-Imperator on the ’46 Convention
18. SAR NITRAM, Lydie Martin – France
19. SAR AGNI, Leon Lelarge – Belgium. Secretary of Emile Dantinne.
20. (MIKAEL) SAR EQUES ROSAE CARITAS, Georges de Lagréze – France
21. SAR PASCAL, Fr. Hutin , died in 1945 (victim of the Nazi-occupation)
22. SAR IGNIS, Nico Wolff – Belgium, died in 1943 (victim of the Nazi-occupation)
23. SAR LAMPAS, Belgium
24. SAR LILIUM, Eugène Dupré – France – ‘died in a bombing-raid in 1944
25. SAR APPOLONIUS, Rochat de L’Abbaye – France
26. SAR AUGUSTINUS, Augustin Chaboseau – France. Imperator 1939-1946
27. GALAAD, Jean Chaboseau – France. Son of A.Chaboseau, left in 1947 after he tried to disband the Martinist Supreme Counsil
28. SAR RENATUS, René Rossart – Belgium
29. SAR LEUKOS, U.S.A. President of the “Council of Regency“
30. SAR KRYPTOS, George Delaive – Belgium
31. SAR PHALGOS, Jules Boucher – France
32. SAR PLACIDUS, Frater Coops – the Netherlands
33. SAR SAPIENS, Lucien Francois
and SAR AKHNATON, SAR ESSENIUS, SAR IGNIFER, SAR MARE, SAR SIGNUM, SAR VIATO …
1934 FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE INITIATIONIS 1951
VERSION I.2. Milko Bogaard c)November 14, 2000